Konya(redirected from Konya, Turkey)
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a city in southern Turkey and administrative center of Konya Vilayet. Population, 201,000 (1970). Konya is a highway junction and has a railroad station and an airport. Its industries include food (flour milling, meat and milk, sugar enterprises, and a creamery), leather, textiles, cement, and carpet weaving. The city is the center of an agricultural area (wheat, barley, sugar beets, sheep, Angora goats) and has trade in grain and wool. Mercury and magnesite are mined in the region.
Konya is mentioned (under the name of Iconium) as one of the cities of ancient Phrygia. It was part of the Roman Empire from the first century B.C. to the third century A.D., and later, part of Byzantium. From the eighth to the tenth centuries it was subject to invasions by the Arabs. It was the capital of the sultanate of Iconium from the end of the 11th to the beginning of the 14th century and was made part of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) at the end of the 15th century.
The city, which reached its greatest development in the 13th century, was surrounded by powerful fortress walls and was divided into quarters, which were separated from each other. In the center of the city are remains of a citadel, a palace, madrasas, and the columned Ala ad-din Mosque (all from 1156–1220). Also in the city are the Sirçali Madrasa (1243, with an open courtyard) and Sahib Ata Madrasa (1262–83), the domed Karatay Madrasa (1252) and İnce Minare Madrasa (1258), and the caravanserai of Sultan Han (1229).