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, region (1983 pop. 3,093,294), S central Sudan. Kurdufan is divided into Northern and Southern Kurdufan states. Its terrain, generally level in the north, rises in the south to the Nuba Mts.
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a plateau in the Sudan west of the White Nile. Average elevation, 500–1,000 m. Kordofan is a projection of the Precambrian crystalline foundation of the African platform, with isolated mountains composed of Nubian sandstones (Mount Temadinga, 1,460 m). Kordofan’s base plains are broken up by the valleys of temporary streams from the White Nile system. The climate is subequatorial with summer rains (300–500 mm per year); soils are reddish brown and red-brown. The plateau is covered with desert savanna in the north, with low acacias, and with moderately humid and herbaceous savanna in the south, including acacias, baobabs, and palms.