Korean Peninsula

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Korean Peninsula


a peninsula in East Asia between the Sea of Japan to the east, the Western Channel and the Korean and Cheju straits to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west.

The Korean Peninsula is joined with the mainland by the Korean Isthmus. It is approximately 600 km long, with a width of 200 km in most places; its area is approximately 150,000 sq km. The peninsula is part of Korea (the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea and South Korea). The eastern seacoast is mildly indented, and in the west and south there are many gulfs and bays. Relief is primarily mountainous; in the east and south are the East Korea Mountains (elevations to 1,915 m); in the center, low mountains; and in the west, coastal lowlands. The climate is temperate monsoonal, subtropical in the south. Precipitation measures 900-1,500 mm per year. Deciduous broad-leaved forests give way in the south to subtropical evergreen forests, and above 900 m to mixed forests with Korean cedar.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
So, putting this eye-catching TV show to one side, what is actually happening now on the Korean Peninsula? There are several important questions outstanding.
"We stressed the importance of continued peaceful dialogue amongst all parties concerned in order to realize lasting peace and stability in a denuclearized Korean Peninsula and welcomed the initiatives and efforts by ROK, the United States, and China to promote dialogue with the Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea (DPRK)," Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, this year's ASEAN chairman, said in a statement at the end of the regional summit last Sunday.
"This is one of the goals that were agreed on during the six-party talks on the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue when the talks were still underway.
From the above information, it could be easily seen that the DPRK maintained close communication with China at every major turning point in the situation on the Korean Peninsula, which also illustrates China's important influence on the situation on the peninsula.
"When we refer to the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, it, therefore, means removing all elements of nuclear threats from the areas of both the north and the south of Koreaand also from surrounding areas from where the Korean peninsula is targeted."
"It is obvious that denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula is a joint business that cannot be achieved unless both Korea and the United States strive together," the KCNA statement said.
"It is obvious that denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula is a joint business that cannot be achieved unless both Korea and the United States strive together," the KCNA commentary said.
"The inter-Korean railway connection project is intended to overcome division and open a new future of the Korean Peninsula," Unification Minister Cho Myoung-gyon told a ceremony at Dorasan Station to mark the launch of the inspection, South Korean News Agency (Yonhap) reported.
But it is also a fact that on the back of the current risk-easing situation on the Korean Peninsula, each of the stakeholders is increasingly being more calculating in acting in its own interests.
President Moon said, "The era of a Korean Peninsula without war has begun." And Chairman Kim stated, "The world is going to see how this divided nation is going to bring about a new future on its own.
"President Tsai gave high marks to the Trump-Kim summit, because the two sides were willing to put aside past hostilities and help ease tensions in Northeast Asia and on the Korean Peninsula through dialogue, which demonstrated a two-way effort to that end," Johnny Lin, spokesman of the ruling Democratic Progressive Party, quoted Tsai as saying following a weekly party meeting.

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