Korechika Anami

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anami, Korechika


Born 1886; died Aug. 15, 1945, in Tokyo. Japanese general.

Anami graduated from a military school in 1906 and later from a military academy in Tokyo. From 1930 to 1934 he commanded the Second Guards Division. From 1935 he was aide-de-camp to the emperor and secretary of the Supreme Military Council, and during 1936–37 he held responsible positions in the war ministry. He commanded an infantry division in China during 1938–39. From 1939 to 1941 he was deputy minister of war. Between 1941 and 1944 he commanded the Eleventh Army and the Northern Front in China. In April 1945, Anami became minister of war in the Suzuki government. After the unsuccessful attempt to carry out a state coup on the night of Aug. 15, 1945, for the purpose of establishing a government with a “firm hand” and continuing the war, Anami killed himself by committing hara-kiri.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Korechika Anami, a 58-year old General in the Imperial Japanese Army, suicided by self-disembowelment; Heinrich Himmler, the 44-year-old head of the German SS, suicided by cyanide poisoning; and Joseph Goebbels, a 47-year-old prominent member of the German Nazi Party, shot himself.
The three war council hardliners--Minister of War Korechika Anami, Chief of the Navy General Staff Soemu Toyoda, and Chief of the Army General Staff Yoshijiro Umezu--drew the darkest interpretation of the ultimatum.
Korechika Anami, still wanted to continue the war and ketsu-go policy at all costs.
According to the lower house's secretariat, it was ''probably the first case in postwar Japan'' for an incumbent Cabinet member to commit suicide since then Army Minister Korechika Anami committed hara-kiri on Aug.
On August 10, 1945, Army Minister General Korechika Anami asked Matsuoka to lead a cabinet of resistance when the Americans began their expected invasion of Japan's home islands.
The decision was made at a meeting of the six-member Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, including Suzuki and War Minister Korechika Anami, in the presence of the emperor.
fleet at the first opportunity; this led to the battle of the Philippine Sea and the virtual destruction of Japanese carrier airpower (June 19-20, 1944); made chief of the Navy General Staff, he insisted on an all-out attack on American forces in Leyte Gulf which resulted in the destruction of the remaining Japanese navy (October 24-25, 1944); as the Japanese military situation worsened, Toyoda and Generals Korechika Anami and Yoshijiro Umezu argued for a continuation of the war to the last, agreeing to a cessation of hostilities only under great pressure from the Emperor; convicted and imprisoned for war crimes (1945-1948), he died in 1957.