Koriak

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Koriak

 

(Nymylan), the language of the Koriaks, the main population of the Koriak National Okrug. A language of the Chukchi-Kamchatka group, Koriak is spoken by about 6,100 persons (1970 census). It is subdivided into several dialects: Chavchuven, Paren, Itkan, Kamen, Apukin, Palan, and Karagin. Koriak has vowel synharmony and consonant assimilation and is an agglutinative and incorporative language. It has a multicase system of noun declension, and in its verb inflection there is a contrasting subject and subject-object conjugation. Koriak has a nominative and an ergative construction. The Koriak writing system, based on the Chavchuven dialect, was created in 1931 using the Roman alphabet; a Russian-based alphabet was introduced in 1936.

REFERENCES

Stebnitskii, S. N. “Nymylanskii (koriakskii) iazyk.” In the collection lazyki i pis’mennost’ narodov Severa, part 3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Zhukova, A. N. “Koriakskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow, 1968.
Korsakov, G. M. Nymylansko (koriaksko)-russkii slovar Moscow, 1939.
Bogoras, W. “Chukchee.” In F. Boas, Handbook of American Indian Languages. Washington, D. C, 1922.

A. N. ZHUKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Los Koriak de la costa del Pacifico en Siberia botaron los cuerpos de sus muertos al mar; los Massai del noreste de Africa central los entregan a las hienas y los Bantu botan los cuerpos de las mujeres al rio, mientras que grupos del Sudan nilotico, los Somali, los Bosquimanos y los de la Costa de Marfil tambien abandonan los cuerpos de sus difuntos.
This territory existed in Koriak Autonomous Okrug for 1,5 years and then it was eliminated by a decree of the governor.
Today, only the following groups, all sedentary, continue to live mainly by fishing and hunting: the Inuit or Eskimos of the American Arctic, the Chukchi and the Koriak of the coasts of the Euro-Siberia Arctic (those living inland herd reindeer), and some of the people living on the shores of the Okhotsk Sea (the Itelmen of Kamchatka, the Ainu of Hokkaido, the Kurilskiye Ostrova [Kuril islands] and southern Sakhalin, the Quilaks or Nivkh of northern Sakhalin and the mouth of the Amur, the Oroche of easternmost Russia, and the Evenes of the northern shores of the Okhotsk Sea).
Olena Linnyk and Daria Koriak told friends in the town of Netishyn, Ukraine, that they would never meet again.