Korobov

Korobov

 

a family of Soviet metallurgists and production innovators.

Ivan Grigor’evich Korobov. Born Jan. 3 (15), 1882, in Pervaia Podgorodniaia Sloboda, MaloarkhangePsk District, Orel Province; died Jan. 28, 1952, in Makeevka, Donetsk Oblast.

Korobov worked for over 50 years at the Makeevka Metallurgical Plant (starting in 1897), serving for over 30 years as senior foreman of a blast-furnace shop. He became a member of the CPSU in 1941. In the 1930’s, together with the plant engineers, he improved the process for smelting pig iron and achieved what was then the Soviet Union’s highest net volume utilization ratio for a blast furnace. He was a deputy to the first convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR and to the second and third convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and medals.

Korobov had three sons: Pavel Ivanovich, Nikolai Ivanovich, and IPia Ivanovich.

Pavel Ivanovich Korobov. Born Aug. 16 (29), 1902, in Makeevka; died Aug. 17, 1965, in Moscow.

From 1916 to 1922 he was a worker at the Makeevka Metallurgical Plant. In 1928 he graduated from the Moscow Mining Academy. Between 1928 and 1935 he worked as a shift engineer and then as chief of the blast-furnace shops of three metallurgical plants: the Enakievo and G. I. Petrovskii (Dnepropetrovsk) plants and the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine. In 1934, by a decision of the Central Committee of the party, he was accepted directly into full membership in the CPSU, bypassing the stage of candidate member. He worked as chief engineer (1936) and director (1937-39) of the Magnitogorsk Combine. In 1939 he became deputy people’s commissar and later deputy minister of Soviet ferrous metallurgy. In 1955 he was appointed first deputy chairman of the State Committee for New Technology of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. He was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor in 1943 for services rendered as deputy people’s commissar responsible for supplying highquality metal to war production. He was a deputy to two convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Korobov was awarded six Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and medals.

Nikolai Ivanovich Korobov. Born Dec. 6 (19), 1905, in Makeevka.

From 1920 to 1925 he was a worker at the Makeevka Metallurgical Plant. He became a member of the CPSU in 1926. In 1930 he graduated from the Moscow Steel Institute. At this institute he was an associate (1930-37) of M. A. Pavlov, a scientist in the field of metallurgy. From 1937 to 1948 he worked in the People’s Commissariat for Heavy Industry and served as chief of the technology departments of the People’s Commissariat for Ferrous Metallurgy and Ministry of Ferrous Metallurgy and director of Gipromez (State Institute for Designing Metallurgical Plants). From 1948 to 1950 he was a member of the collegium of Gostekhnika (State Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR for New Technology). From 1950 to 1962, Korobov served as deputy chairman of Gosstroi (State Committee on Construction) of the USSR. Since 1962 he has been a professor at the Moscow Institute for Steel and Alloys. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, six other orders, and medals.

Il’ia Ivanovich Korobov. Born Aug. 13 (26), 1910, in Makeevka.

From 1925 to 1929 he was a worker at the Makeevka Metallurgical Plant. He was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor in 1958. He became a member of the CPSU in 1940.

In 1932 he graduated from the Moscow Steel Institute., Between 1932 and 1938 he worked as a shift engineer and as chief of blast-furnace shops at a number of metallurgical plants, including the Svobodnyi Sokol (Lipetsk), Makeevka, Krivoi Rog, and F. E. Dzerzhinskii (Dneprodzerzhinsk) plants. From 1938 to 1963 he served as director of the G. I. Petrovskii Plant. Im-proving the technology for smelting pig iron, he was the first in the Soviet Union to use a humidified blast, natural gas, and increased gas pressure under the furnace top. Korobov was awarded a Lenin Prize (1960) for developing and applying new technology. In 1965 he became a professor at the Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute. He has been awarded three Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.

REFERENCE

Slavutskii, A. Pokolenie metallurgov. Stalino, 1953.

I. S. PESHKIN

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