Krapina

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Krapina

 

a Lower Paleolithic cave shelter in northern Croatia (Yugoslavia) between the Drava and Sava rivers in the Krapinica Valley.

The cave was discovered and investigated (1899–1905) by the Croatian scholar D. Gorjanović-Kramberger. Some 500 fragments of bones of Neanderthal man (more than 20 individuals) have been found. Researchers have also found Mousterian-type stone tools (crude flakes with randomly worked edges and small bifacial picks), the remains of a hearth, and bones of the cave bear, rhinoceros, and primitive bull. The human bones were split and charred, which some archaeologists interpret as evidences of cannibalism.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Gorjanović-Kramberger, D. Der diluviale Mensch von Krapina in Kroatien. Budapest, 1906.
Gorjanovic-Kramberger, D. Zivot i kultura diluvijalnoga čovjeka iz Krapine u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb, 1913.