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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Lower Paleolithic cave shelter in northern Croatia (Yugoslavia) between the Drava and Sava rivers in the Krapinica Valley.

The cave was discovered and investigated (1899–1905) by the Croatian scholar D. Gorjanović-Kramberger. Some 500 fragments of bones of Neanderthal man (more than 20 individuals) have been found. Researchers have also found Mousterian-type stone tools (crude flakes with randomly worked edges and small bifacial picks), the remains of a hearth, and bones of the cave bear, rhinoceros, and primitive bull. The human bones were split and charred, which some archaeologists interpret as evidences of cannibalism.


Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Gorjanović-Kramberger, D. Der diluviale Mensch von Krapina in Kroatien. Budapest, 1906.
Gorjanovic-Kramberger, D. Zivot i kultura diluvijalnoga čovjeka iz Krapine u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb, 1913.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.