Koryo


Also found in: Acronyms.

Koryo

 

a feudal state in Korea from 918 to 1392, from which the modern European name for the country is derived.

Koryo was founded by Wang Kon, and its capital was the city of Kaegyong (modern Kaesong). Under Wang Kon’s successors it became a centralized state, in which the state peasants (yangmin) were the main tax-paying stratum and also performed military service. Agriculture, crafts, and domestic and foreign trade were highly developed in Koryo. In the 12th century centralization began to weaken as a result of the growth of private feudal landholdings. In the 13th century Koryo was subject to Mongol invasions. After the Mongols were driven from Koryo (in 1356), the supporters of Yi Song-gye came to power (1388) as the result of a prolonged struggle. Yi Song-gye became king in 1392, thereby founding the new Yi dynasty. Under the Yi dynasty the state was renamed Choson and the capital was moved to Seoul.

References in periodicals archive ?
At 43 stories, the Koryo has long been eclipsed in height by other hotels.
The book examines two poomsae of the martial art -- Original Koryo and Koryo.
Air Koryo and Iran Air are the national airlines of North Korea and Iran.
The first volume in a new series focusing on Korean culture, history, and society, this book offers a radically different view of the Koryo state from the 10th to 12th centuries.
He backs the claim with numbers: Koryo, Big Bazaar's electronics brand, comprises a tidy 18 per cent of the total sales in this category.
The Koryo Center for Traditional and Eastern Medicine is a private medical institution set up as a joint venture between Dr.
Al reino de Sila le siguio la dinastia Koryo (918-1392) a principios del siglo x.
The civilian plane, an IL-62, is said to be part of the country's Air Koryo fleet and was on "non-scheduled operations," possibly a government charter.
For nearly a millennium, from its arrival around 400 CE until well into the Koryo era (918-1392), Buddhism played a dominant role in the political, social, and cultural life of the Korean peninsula.
The EC also decided to keep Phuket Air and Air Koryo on the list.
The British-run travel agency Koryo Tours is hoping to bring in fans in support of North Korea's World Cup qualifier against Japan on June 8.
In calling for Europe's airline blacklist to become transparent, France says that two airlines, Air Koryo (North Korea) and Continental Wings Comores Airlines (Comores), are currently banned from flying to, or over, France for security reasons.