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Kós(kŏs, kôs), Lat. Cos, island (1991 pop. 26,379), 111 sq mi (287 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; 2d largest of the DodecaneseDodecanese
, Gr. Dhodhekánisos, island group (1991 pop. 163,476), c.1,035 sq mi (2,680 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea, between Asia Minor and Crete, comprising the greater part of the group known as the Southern Sporades.
..... Click the link for more information. , near the Bodrum peninsula of Turkey. Although it rises to c.2,870 ft (875 m) in the southeast, the island is mostly low-lying. Fishing, sponge diving, and tourism are important industries. Grain, tobacco, olive oil, and wine are produced, and cattle, horses, and goats are raised. Kós has mineral deposits and several sulfur springs. The island's main town is Kós (1991 pop. 14,714), situated on the northeast shore. In ancient times the island was controlled in turn by Athens, Macedon, Syria, and Egypt. A cultural center, it was the site of a school of medicine founded in the 5th cent. B.C. by Hippocrates. Kós later enjoyed great prosperity as a result of its alliance with the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, which valued the island as a naval base. The island became part of modern Greece in 1947.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(also, kos, kes, and kus), an Azerbaijani percussion instrument; a two-sided drum, a type of nagara.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
an island in the SE Aegean Sea, in the Greek Dodecanese Islands: separated from SW Turkey by the Kos Channel; settled in ancient times by Dorians and became famous for literature and medicine. Pop.: 30 947 (2001). Area: 282 sq. km (109 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005