Kosh Ataman

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kosh Ataman

 

the head of the administration of the host in the Zaporozh’e Sech’, which was called a Kosh (that is, camp, or community).

The Kosh ataman was elected at a rada (assembly) by the cossacks and enjoyed almost unlimited power, but every year he gave a report on his activities to the rada. He had direct authority over the host elders—the judge, captain, clerk, and kuren’ (unit) atamans. Besides the Zaporozh’e Sech’ (from the mid-16th century to 1775), the position of kosh ataman existed in the Zadunaiskaia Sech’ (from 1775 to 1828) and the Black Sea Cossack Host (1787-97); in the latter the Kosh atamans were appointed by the government.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.