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Koszalin(kôshä`lēn), Ger. Köslin, city (1994 est. pop. 110,200), Zachodniopomorskie prov., NW Poland, near the Baltic Sea. Its economy depends on farm products from the surrounding fields, various light industries, and timber milling. It was founded in 1188, prospered from the 14th to the 16th cent., but suffered greatly in the Thirty Years War. There is a 14th-century Gothic cathedral in Koszalin. The city was transferred from Germany to Poland by the Potsdam Conference (1945).
a city in northwestern Poland and the capital of Koszalin Województwo. Population, 66,800 (1971). Railroad junction. The city produces semiconductors, motor-vehicle parts, and electrotechnical and building equipment. Other important industries are woodworking, including furniture, and food and flax processing. Koszalin has an advanced engineering school. Outstanding architectural works include the 14th-century Gothic Church of St. Mary and the remains of city walls dating from the 13th and 14th centuries.