Also found in: Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mardzhanishvili, Konstantin (Kote) Aleksandrovich


(K. A. Mardzhanov). Born May 28 (June 9), 1872, in Kvareli, Georgia; died Apr. 17, 1933, in Moscow. Soviet director. People’s Artist of the Georgian SSR (1931).

Mardzhanishvili began his theatrical career in Kutaisi in 1893. In 1897 he began working in Russian theaters, including the Moscow Art Theater (1910-13), where his directorial talent was formed and where he further developed the democratic and progressive attitudes that he had acquired from his associations with the founders of realism in the Georgian theater. He founded the Free Theater in Moscow (1913-14), where he strove to realize the concept of synthetic art, which included all forms of theater (drama, dance, pantomime, singing).

In 1919, Mardzhanishvili staged Lope de Vega’s The Sheep Well in Kiev; the production was filled with heroic spirit and revolutionary fervor. In 1920 he founded the Theater of Comic Opera in Petrograd and took part in the staging of mass theatrical spectacles. He returned to Georgia in 1922. Mardzhanishvili’s production of the revolutionary-heroic drama The Sheep Well for the Sh. Rustaveli Theater in Tbilisj in 1922 heralded the beginning of the ideological and cultural renewal of the Georgian theater.

In 1928, Mardzhanishvili founded the Second State Drama Theater of Georgia in Kutaisi (now the K. A. Mardzhanishvili Georgian Theater in Tbilisi). There he continued his efforts to create a theater that would unite highly skilled and versatile actors. Mardzhanishvili also continued to train a new generation of actors. From 1924 to 1929 he worked as a director in the Georgian cinema; his films included Stormy Petrels, Samanishvili’s Stepmother, and The Communard’s Pipe.

In the last years of his life, without breaking his ties with Georgia, Mardzhanishvili staged productions in Moscow theaters. Mardzhanishvili was a profoundly national artist; his work reflected the mutual influences of the Russian and Georgian theaters. He strove for an art that was in tune with modern life and the advanced ideas of his epoch. The traditions of Mardzhanishvili have been and continue to be developed by his students T. I. Chavchavadze, U. V. Chkheidze, Sh. K. Gambashidze, A. V. Akhmeteli, S. A. Zakariadze, A. A. Vasadze, A. A. Khorava, V. I. Andzhaparidze, and D. K. Antadze.


Kote Marjanishvili: Shemok’medebit’i memkvidreobi, vol. 1. Tbilisi, 1972.
Kote Mardzhanishvili: Vospominaniia, Stat’i, vols. 1-2, Tbilisi, 1958-66.


Kryzhitskii, G. K. K. A. Mardzhanov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Kryzhitskii, G. K. K. Mardzhanov i russkii teatr. Moscow, 1954.
Gugushvili, E. N. Put’ rezhissera. Tbilisi, 1972.
Kote Marjanishvilis sax. Saxelmcip’o t’eatri: 1928-1938. Saiubileo krebuli. Tbilisi, 1939.
Buxnikashvili, G. Kote Marjanishvili. Tbilisi, 1947.
Kote Marjanishvili, krebuli. Tbilisi, 1961.
Xaratishvili, G. Kote Marjanishvili rusul teatrshi. Tbilisi, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Best known for his distinctive artistic style that features bold brushwork and strokes of vibrant color, Kote has a unique approach to creating his art.
The TRP Operator, Tactical Gray pistol's forged steel frame is finished in matte gray Armory Kote, which I think contrasts nicely with the black Armory Kote slide.
There are three major benefits associated with the use of Diamond Kote water-based semi permanent release agents:
After some show of will and temperament, Kote begins to tell his story.
She leaves a son, Edmond Kote, and a daughter, Adlina Kote, both of Worcester, another daughter, Shpresa Kadiu in Greece, and 4 grandchildren.
I have used a bake-on coating product from KG Industries, also called Gun Kote. I'm not sure if it's the same stuff.
With increasing efficiency and paper machine speeds at the Mahrt Mill, USA, the introduction of 260 gsm was seen as an ideal way to compliment existing production and offer new opportunities for Custom Kote in the lower grammage range Kraft sector.
You need: Beechwood tray, pounds 4.99, Safeway; 40x30cm fabric; Plasti-Kote Odds 'n' Ends spray paint in co-ordinating colour; old newspaper; scissors; PVA adhesive; paintbrush; Plati Kote Clear Spray.
Plans are already underway, in fact, to link the mill to a new coating facility next door (Materials handling at I/N Kote), which features a similar coil handling system.
Stone Harbor, NJ, July 23, 2019 --(PR.com)-- Back by popular demand, Josef Kote returns to Ocean Galleries in Stone Harbor, NJ with an all new collection of his extraordinary artwork.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Mar 2 (ANI): Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Saturday said that some people do not know the difference between 'Balakot' and 'Bala Kote' and spread misinformation without realising that Indian forces would not launch an attack in its own territory.
Police told reporter that while acting on a tip off, police party conducted a raid, the First Information Report (FIR) of kidnapped girl Saima abducted from Punjab was lodged in Kote Mithan police station of Rajan Pur.