Kourou

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Kourou,

town and commune (2007 pop. 25,918), N French Guiana, on the coast 26 mi (42 km) NW of CayenneCayenne
, city and district (1990 pop. 41,659), capital of French Guiana, on Cayenne island at the mouth of the Cayenne River. The city has a shallow harbor, and deep-draft ships must anchor some distance out. Timber, rum, essence of rosewood, and gold are exported.
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. A rocket-launching base, the Guiana Space Center, is mainly in the commune near the town; the Soyuz launch complex portion of the center is in neighboring Sinnamary commune. Launches there are conducted by the French space agency, the European Space AgencyEuropean Space Agency
(ESA), multinational agency dedicated to the promotion, for exclusively peaceful purposes, of cooperation among European states in space research and technology.
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, and Arianespace. There also is a space museum. Devils IslandDevils Island,
Fr. Île du Diable, the smallest and southernmost of the Îles du Salut, in the Caribbean Sea off French Guiana. A penal colony founded in 1852, it was used largely for political prisoners, the most celebrated of whom was Alfred Dreyfus.
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 is offshore but is part of Cayenne commune.
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Kourou

(koo -roo) A coastal town in north central French Guiana, near which lies the launch site for ESA's Ariane launcher. Originally owned by the European Launcher Development Organization (ELDO) and known as its Equatorial Space Range, the site passed to ESA upon its formation in the mid-1970s .
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Europe's powerful Ariane 5 booster took to the skies to launch BepiColombo from the European space port at Kourou, French Guiana, at about 2.45am on Saturday.
New Delhi [India], June 29 ( ANI ): India's communication satellite GSAT-17 was launched by French rocket Ariane-5 in the wee hours of Thursday from Kourou, French Guiana by Ariane-5 VA-238.
WASHINGTON (CyHAN)- The European Space Agency's (ESA) 13-ton Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) cargo craft launched from ESA's Arianespace launch site in Kourou, French Guiana, July 29, beginning a two-week journey to the International Space Station to deliver some 7 tons of food, fuel and supplies for the Expedition 40 crew.
The satellite left the Airbus Defence and Space facilities in Toulouse, France, and has been transported by air to Kourou, French Guiana. The satellite is due to be launched in the upcoming weeks by an Ariane 5 launcher.
The Gaia telescope was successfully hoisted by a Soyuz-STB-Fregat rocket from ESA's space base in Kourou, French Guiana, the agency reported in a webcast.
KOUROU, French Guiana, City, Muharram 18, 1434, Dec 2, 2012, SPA - A Russian-made Soyuz rocket blasted off from French Guiana on Saturday and placed into orbit an Earth observation satellite for France, space officials said.
Countdown has started for the launch of Galileo's (the European satellite navigation system, the future competitor of the US' GPS) third and fourth satellites, scheduled for 12 October at 20:15 CEST from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana. This second pair of EADS Astrium satellites will be put into orbit onboard a Soyuz rocket operated by Arianespace.
The launch is scheduled for Friday from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.
Avanti launched the satellite, HYLAS 2, from the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana on Ariane Flight VA208 on August 2.
Yahsat's first satellite, Y1A, was launched in April 2011 from European Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana.
The telescope will be launched from Arianespace's launch complex located near Kourou, French Guiana. The launch vehicle is an Ariane 5 ECA with a cryogenic upper stage, provided by the European Space Agency.
(AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co) GUIANA Russia''s Soyuz-ST-B spacecraft at the Guiana Space Center in Kourou, French Guiana. The rocket will launch the Soyuz rocket from the European spaceport in South America, in September (AP Photo/Henri Griffit)