Kouwenhoven, William

Kouwenhoven, William (Bennett)

(1886–1975) educator, electrical engineer; born in New York City. While a professor of electrical engineering at Johns Hopkins, he invented the first practical defibrillator used in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmia. In 1959, he introduced the first-aid technique of external heart massage.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.