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(kō`vəl, Rus. kô`vĭl), Pol. Kowel, city (1989 pop. 67,000), NW Ukraine, on the Tura River. A rail junction and agriculture center, it has food and peat processing plants, railroad shops, and sewing, flax, and woodworking industries. First mentioned in the 14th cent., Kovel belonged to Lithuania and passed to Poland when the two states were united in 1569. The city was taken by Russia during the third partition of Poland in 1795. It was again under Polish rule from 1921 to 1945, when it was absorbed by the USSR.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Volyn’ Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the Tur’ia River (a tributary of the Pripiat’). A railroad junction. Population, 36,000 (1972). It has enterprises serving railroad transport, a wood-products combine, and a meat-packing combine. Other plants include a reinforced-concrete articles factory, a flax-processing plant, a creamery, a starch plant, a farm machinery plant, a mixed fodder plant, and a garment factory. There is also a medical school.

Kovel’ was first mentioned in the 14th century. In 1518, the town received “Magdeburg rights” (that is, a civic constitution modeled on that of Magdeburg). In 1564, Sigismund Augustus gave Kovel’ to Prince A. M. Kurbskii, who had fled from Russia. In 1795, Kovel’ was the district center of Volyn’ Province. Under the Treaty of Riga of 1921, Kovel’ was turned over to bourgeois Poland. In October 1939 the town became part of the Ukrainian SSR. It was occupied by the Nazis from June 28, 1941, until its liberation by the Soviet Army on July 7, 1944.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2007, the University of Michigan shamelessly abrogated its distribution contract with Pluto Press for the purpose of halting distribution of Professor Joel Kovel's provocative book titled,, in response to pressure from two Zionist organizations, StandWithUs and the Anti-Defamation League.
He was therefore naturally critical of Kovel's embrace of the kind of status politics derived from Marx - hence their split - and, as Wall recognizes, Bookchin was advocating an ecological critique of capitalism long before Kovel and the Marxists.
While Kovel's ecosocialism is clearly socialist, he wants to clearly say that most socialists, even today, in the midst of a global crisis of nature, still position nature as an afterthought.
I'm inclined to agree with Kovel's thesis that it's either get rid of capitalism or the death of the species.
Kovel's book and his work got him fired from the Bard College faculty effective July 1 when his current contract expires - for daring to criticize Israel, its Zionist ideology, state-sponsored terror, and decades of lawlessness and egregious behavior.
The president of Bard, Leon Botstein, didn't consider Kovel's critiques of Zionism to be protected by academic freedom.
Central Power forces were deployed into a defensive position behind the Stochod line, but battle continued until 20 July, when General Brusilov hurled the elite I and II Garde and I and XXX Corps at the enemy positions in an attempt to outflank German positions from south of Kovel's natural barrier location.
Crucial to Kovel's holding was the court's determination that the presence of the third party was essential to effective communication between the lawyer and the client.
The lead became 3-0 in the 51st minute when Kovel's drive was deflected emphatically past Samson by the boot of Mikhail Afanasiev.
(184) This brings the public relations firm closer to Kovel's "essential category" in which the experts advise and assist the attorney in client representation.
And Kovel's basic worldview is constantly expressed in some form by an influential minority of American public intellectuals.
An analytical framework based on Joel Kovel's five meditations on spirit (spirit power, spirit being, spirit meaning, spirit and desire, and divine spirit) was used to explore the spirituality of committed environmental activists.