Koxinga


Also found in: Wikipedia.
Zheng Chenggong
BirthplaceHirado, Japan
Died
NationalityChinese
Occupation
Military leader

Koxinga

(kŏksĭng`gə), Mandarin Kuo-hsing-yeh [lord of the imperial surname], 1624–62, Chinese general, whose original name was Chêng Ch'êng-kung. From 1646 to 1660 he led many unsuccessful campaigns of Ming dynasty loyalists against the invading Ch'ing dynasty. Koxinga captured (1661) part of TaiwanTaiwan
, Portuguese Formosa, officially Republic of China, island nation (2005 est. pop. 22,894,000), 13,885 sq mi (35,961 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, separated from the mainland of S China by the 100-mi-wide (161-km) Taiwan Strait.
..... Click the link for more information.
 from the Dutch. The population of the southern coast of China was evacuated (1662) to facilitate the defense against his raids. After the death of his son Chêng Ching, Taiwan fell to the Ch'ing (1683).
References in periodicals archive ?
The antihero Wei has a series of turbulent adventures involving court politics, the martial arts world, secret societies, the Lamaist section of the Wutai Mountains, the Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong 1624-1662) court in Taiwan, the satrap (Wu Sangui 1612-1678) ambitions in Yunnan, and the border negotiations with Russia leading to the Treaty of Nerchinsk of 1689.
7) In fact, the 1662 peace treaty concluded between Koxinga (Zheng Cheng-gong) of the defunct Ming Dynasty and the Dutch governor constituted the prelude to international agreements in Chinese history.
She drew her most inspired city elements of Tainan in this design, including the historic building Chihkan Tower, Confucius Temple, Anping Fort, Eternal Golden Castle, Koxinga Shrine, Old Lin's Department store, Shennong Street, Sword Lion and Old Weather Bureau building etc.
Extensively researched in Chinese, Dutch, and English sources, the book tells the engaging story of Koxinga (Zheng Chenggong), a Ming loyalist who failed to remove the Qing from Nanjing in 1659 but did defeat and remove the Dutch from Taiwan in 1662.
Since 17th century Taiwan had been colonized by the Dutch (1624-1662), followed by Koxinga family of the Ming military general (1662-1683), and thereafter the Manchurians (1683-1895), Japanese (1895-1945) and the defeated Chinese Nationalist Party (1945-).
This is when Muslim adherents from the southern Chinese coastal province of Fujian joined the rebel Koxinga against the Manchu-ruled Qing Dynasty, and his military campaign to drive the Dutch from Taiwan.
Secondly, the new regime, the Han Chinese government led by Ming Dynasty loyalist Koxinga (1624-1662) and his successors who ruled Taiwan for twenty-two years (1661-1683) and established the Kingdom of Tungning (also called Kingdom of Zheng or Kingdom of Yanping), (24) brought a policy of exclusion into practice in which Western culture, including music, was suppressed.
During the past 300 years, Taiwan had been a colony of Holland, under the rule of Koxinga, the Manchu empire, Japan, and the Chinese Nationalist Party," he said.
After the Manchus captured China in 1644, Taiwan was taken by a Sino-Japanese leader, Koxinga (Cheng Ch'eng-Kung).
Population was further depleted by Qing attempts to eradicate the pirate Koxinga, or Zheng Cheng gong, by forcing all Chinese living on the coasts of Guangdong and Fujian to move 25 km inland.
Koxinga, a Ming dynasty general, defeated the Dutch in 1661 and brought an end to that brief missionary era.
Particularly, NCKU is the only university named after Koxinga Cheng-Kung Cheng with historical elements and culture aspects tracing back to Southern Fujian Culture.