Carniola

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Carniola

(kärnēō`lə), Croatian Kranj, historic region, in Slovenia. The history of this largely mountainous area is closely linked with that of SloveniaSlovenia
, Slovene Slovenija, officially Republic of Slovenia, republic (2005 est. pop. 2,011,000), 7,817 sq mi (20,246 sq km). It is bounded in the north by Austria, in the northeast by Hungary, in the southeast by Croatia, and in the west by Italy.
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. The first known inhabitants, a Celtic tribe called the Carni, were displaced by the Romans, who made Carniola part of their province of PannoniaPannonia
, ancient Roman province, central Europe, southwest of the Danube, including parts of modern Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. Its natives, the warlike Pannonians, were Illyrians. Their final subjugation by Rome took place in A.D. 9.
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. Slovenes settled Carniola in the 6th cent. CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 later incorporated it into his empire. The region became a march, or margraviate, under Bavarian suzerainty in the 10th cent. and in 1269 was acquired by BohemiaBohemia,
Czech Čechy, historic region (20,368 sq mi/52,753 sq km) and former kingdom, in W and central Czech Republic. Bohemia is bounded by Austria in the southeast, by Germany in the west and northwest, by Poland in the north and northeast, and by Moravia in the
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. It passed to the Austrian Hapsburgs in 1282 and was made (1364) a titular duchy. In 1849 its status was raised to a crown land. LjubljanaLjubljana
, Ger. Laibach, city (1991 pop. 267,008), capital of Slovenia, on the Sava River. An industrial and transportation center, it has industries that manufacture textiles, paper, chemicals, and electronics.
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 was its chief city. After World War I, Carniola was divided between Italy and Yugoslavia, but the Italian part passed to what was then Yugoslavia's constituent republic of Slovenia in 1947.

Carniola

 

(in Slovene, Kranjska; in German, Krain), a historical region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula.

The nucleus of Carniola was lands in the basin of the Sava River. In antiquity Carniola was populated by tribes of Celts and Illyrians, and in the late sixth century it was settled by Slavs (Slovenes). From the sixth to eighth centuries it was ruled by the Avars. In the late eighth century it was incorporated into the Frankish state. From the second half of the tenth to the early 11th century, part of Carniola belonged to the duchy of Greater Carinthia, the remainder being part of the Slovene march. Until the second half of the 13th century, various German feudal families ruled Carniola; in 1335 it came under the Hapsburgs. Carniola became a duchy in 1364, later becoming one of the Hapsburgs’ crown lands. In the 16th century it was a center of large-scale peasant uprisings (1515 and 1573) and of the Reformation; the Slovene national movement sprang up there in the 19th century. In 1920 much of Carniola was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (since 1929, Yugoslavia), the rest going to Italy. Under the 1947 peace treaty with Italy, all of Carniola, as part of Slovenia, was reunified with Yugoslavia.

Carniola

a region of N Slovenia: a former duchy and crownland of Austria (1335--1919); divided between Yugoslavia and Italy in 1919; part of Yugoslavia (1947--92)
References in periodicals archive ?
Krain, Matthew (1997) "State-sponsored mass murder: the onset and severity of genocides and politicides".
O debate deve, naturalmente, ser orientado pelo(a) professor(a), mediante o encorajamento da verbalizacao de ideias e de promocao de uma reflexao conjunta ao final do exercicio (Inoue and Krain 2014; Krain 2010; Lamy 2007).
Krain, Matthew (2000), Repression and Accommodation in Post-Revolutionary States, Nueva York, Palgrave, St.
The results on internalizing comorbidity in girls and externalizing comorbidity in boys, assessed both dimensionally and categorically, are in the line of previous work (Albano & Krain, 2005; Boylan, Vaillancourt, Boyle, & Szatmari, 2007; Chaplin et al.
Pemfigus ve HLA doku antijenleri ile ilgili olarak ilk defa, Krain ve ark.
5) Mathew Krain, Repression and Accommodation in Post-Revolutionary States (St.
Yet, mental health service utilization for children exhibiting psychological problems is generally poor (Power, Eiraldi, Clarke Mazzuca, & Krain, 2005) and underutilization of mental health services for Chinese Americans and other ethnic minority groups is particularly severe (Cause et.
Both political scientists and economists have provided theoretical and empirical models to explain genocide, politicide, or democide (Harff and Gurr 1988; Rummel 1994, 1995; Krain 1997; Harff 2003).
Krain Hartmut (2002)[8] observed the effect of unsteady diffuser flow in a transonic centrifugal compressor.
Cyphophthalmus duricorius, eine neue Arachnidengattung aus einer neuen Familie der Arthrogastren-Ordnung entdeckt in der Lueger Grotte in Krain.
The issue of early identification is even more salient for girls with ADHD and other mental health disorders, as girls represent one of the segments of the United States population at greatest risk for not receiving needed mental health services (Power, Eiraldi, Clarke, Mazzuca, & Krain, 2005).