Kraishte

Kraishte

 

(Krajište), a mountainous region in Bulgaria and Yugoslavia, between the Struma River to the east and the southern Morava River to the west. It consists of mountain ranges with elevations of up to 1,922 m (Besna Kobila in Yugoslavia) and the basins and mountain passes that separate them. The region is composed of crystalline shales and intrusive rock covered with a faulted sheet of Mesozoic sandstones, marls, and limestones and, in the basins, loose Cenozoic deposits. It shows signs of intensive erosional (including gully) dissection. The flora is represented by broad-leaved forests, including oak, hornbeam, ash, and beech, and mountain meadows. There are antierosion forest plantings. The region has animal husbandry; in the basins there are plantings of wheat and corn, and also vineyards and orchards.

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Consequently, according to this age assessment, in Spain (Castilian Branch and Minorca), SE France (Provence), Sardinia (Nurra) and Bulgaria (NW Prebalkan and Kraishte), where the presence of ventifacts and their potential value as indicators of an arid period has been emphasized by Durand (2006), this author maintains that, in our current state of knowledge, this dry climatic regime generally started from the late Induan to early Olenekian.
On the Noevtsi section (Kraishte Unit), the thin (0.5-2 m) unnamed basal conglomerate is sharply overlain by the palaeosol-rich sandstones of the Murvodol Formation.