Krakatau


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Krakatau,

volcanic island, Indonesia: see KrakatoaKrakatoa
or Krakatau
, volcanic island, c.5 sq mi (13 sq km), W Indonesia, in Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra; rising to 2,667 ft (813 m). A momentous volcanic explosion on Aug.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krakatau

 

(also Krakatoa), an island and active volcano in Indonesia, in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra. Area of the island, 10.5 sq km; altitude, 813 m. It became famous after there was a particularly violent eruption in August 1883, during which about 19 cu km of volcanic ash and other eruption products fell in the adjacent region over an area of more than 800,000 sq km. An increased concentration of ash in the air up to an altitude of 80 km was noted for several years and caused intensive red sunsets. The tidal wave (up to 20 m high) that was triggered by the eruption led to the death of approximately 36,000 people on the neighboring islands. There were subsequent eruptions in 1927–29 and 1950–52.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Krakatoa

, Krakatau
a volcanic island in Indonesia, in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra: partially destroyed by its eruption in 1883, the greatest in recorded history. Further eruptions 44 years later formed a new island, Anak Krakatau ("Child of Krakatau")
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On the same day, Choi met with Silmy Karim, the CEO of Indonesia's national steel company, Krakatau Steel, and discussed the two companies' cooperation measures to boost the competitiveness of PT Krakatau POSCO and to expand profits in the country.
Related:A This spectacular video shows Anak Krakatau generating its own lightning
The eruption on December 22 caused a chunk of Anak Krakatau to slide into the Indian Ocean.
Why was there no warning in the Anak Krakatau event?
Scientists have warned against more earthquakes in the Sunda Strait area now that the Anak Krakatau volcano has been destabilized.
Anak Krakatau, or Child of Krakatoa in English, has been in "strombolian" eruption since July, meaning that the volcanic activity produced frequent moderate eruptions, according to volcanologists.
"All flights are rerouted due to Krakatau volcano ash on red alert," the government air-traffic control agency AirNav said in a release.
Authorities have warned that the crater of Anak Krakatau, or child of Krakatau, remains fragile, raising fears of another collapse and tsunami, and have urged residents to stay away from the coast.
Eyewitnesses described fleeing for their lives as beachfront homes were swept away in the wave, which is thought to have been caused by underwater landslides following the eruption of the Anak Krakatau volcano.
At least 222 people were killed as waves smashed into houses, hotels and other beachside buildings Saturday night along Indonesia's Sunda Strait, in a disaster that followed an eruption and possible landslide on Anak Krakatau, one of the world's most infamous volcanic islands.
Jakarta, Dec 24 (ONA) The death toll following the tsunami caused by the Anak Krakatau volcano has risen to at least 373, Indonesia's disaster mitigation agency said.
Scientists say the tsunami could have been caused by the eruption of Anak Krakatau, a volcanic island formed over years from the nearby Krakatau volcano.