Krakatoa(redirected from Krakatoan eruption)
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Krakatoa(krākətō`ə, krä–) or
Krakatau(kräkätou`), volcanic island, c.5 sq mi (13 sq km), W Indonesia, in Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra; rising to 2,667 ft (813 m). A momentous volcanic explosion on Aug. 23, 1883, blew up most of the island and altered the configuration of the strait; the accompanying tsunami caused great destruction and loss of life along the nearby coasts of Java and Sumatra. The explosion is classed as one of the largest volcanic eruptions in modern times; so great was the outpouring of ashes and lava that new islands were formed, and debris was scattered across the Indian Ocean as far as Madagascar. Since then there have been several lesser eruptions.
See S. Winchester, Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded (2003).
volcano in southwest Pacific which violently exploded in 1883, destroying the island. [Asian Hist.: NCE, 1500]
volcanic explosion on this Indonesian island heard 3000 miles away (1883). [Asian Hist.: NCE, 1500]
a volcanic island in Indonesia, in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra: partially destroyed by its eruption in 1883, the greatest in recorded history. Further eruptions 44 years later formed a new island, Anak Krakatau ("Child of Krakatau")