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Kramatorsk(krəmətôrsk`), city (1989 pop. 200,000), in the Donets Basin of Ukraine. It is a major center of heavy machinery manufacture, and has factories that produce ceramics and coal derivatives.
a city (since 1932) in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the Kazennyi Torets River (a right tributary of the Severskii Donets). It is a railroad junction with lines to Lozovaia, Popasnaia, Rostov-on-Don, Artemovsk, and Krasnyi Liman. Population, 157,000 (1972; 115,000 in 1959). The city is one of the Ukraine’s largest centers of heavy machine building.
Kramatorsk arose in the second half of the 19th century in connection with the construction of the Kursk-Kharkov Azov Railroad. It took on industrial importance with the construction in 1897 of a metallurgical machinery plant (now the completely rebuilt S. Ordzhonikidze Starokramatorskii Machine-Building Plant and the V. V. Kuibyshev Metallurgical Plant). The large Novokramatorskii Machine-Building Plant, which produces equipment for the metallurgical, coal, mining, and other industries, was constructed during the first five-year plan. There are also plants for heavy machine-tool building, casting and forging, coke-chemicals, and building materials (cement, slate, and slag wool) and food industry and light industry enterprises. Kramatorsk has a scientific research and technological planning institute of machine building and an industrial institute as well as technicums in machine building, technology, and Soviet trade. It is also the site of a historical-revolutionary museum and a branch of the Donetsk Art Museum.
Kramatorsk consists of an old city with an irregular layout and a new one (Sotsgorod) with a rectangular grid of streets and modern construction. Among buildings of the Soviet period are the Palace of Culture of the S. Ordzhonikidze Plant (1930, architect A. I. Dmitriev, rebuilt in 1944), a railroad station (1952, architect V. M. Syromiatnikov), and the Palace of Culture of the Novokramatorskii Plant (1950–65, architect D. M. Batalov).
A large amount of housing has been created: in 1970 it was six times as great as in 1945. The city has much greenery. Kramatorsk was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1971.