Kramatorsk


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Kramatorsk

(krəmətôrsk`), city (1989 pop. 200,000), in the Donets Basin of Ukraine. It is a major center of heavy machinery manufacture, and has factories that produce ceramics and coal derivatives.

Kramatorsk

 

a city (since 1932) in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, on the Kazennyi Torets River (a right tributary of the Severskii Donets). It is a railroad junction with lines to Lozovaia, Popasnaia, Rostov-on-Don, Artemovsk, and Krasnyi Liman. Population, 157,000 (1972; 115,000 in 1959). The city is one of the Ukraine’s largest centers of heavy machine building.

Kramatorsk arose in the second half of the 19th century in connection with the construction of the Kursk-Kharkov Azov Railroad. It took on industrial importance with the construction in 1897 of a metallurgical machinery plant (now the completely rebuilt S. Ordzhonikidze Starokramatorskii Machine-Building Plant and the V. V. Kuibyshev Metallurgical Plant). The large Novokramatorskii Machine-Building Plant, which produces equipment for the metallurgical, coal, mining, and other industries, was constructed during the first five-year plan. There are also plants for heavy machine-tool building, casting and forging, coke-chemicals, and building materials (cement, slate, and slag wool) and food industry and light industry enterprises. Kramatorsk has a scientific research and technological planning institute of machine building and an industrial institute as well as technicums in machine building, technology, and Soviet trade. It is also the site of a historical-revolutionary museum and a branch of the Donetsk Art Museum.

Kramatorsk consists of an old city with an irregular layout and a new one (Sotsgorod) with a rectangular grid of streets and modern construction. Among buildings of the Soviet period are the Palace of Culture of the S. Ordzhonikidze Plant (1930, architect A. I. Dmitriev, rebuilt in 1944), a railroad station (1952, architect V. M. Syromiatnikov), and the Palace of Culture of the Novokramatorskii Plant (1950–65, architect D. M. Batalov).

A large amount of housing has been created: in 1970 it was six times as great as in 1945. The city has much greenery. Kramatorsk was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1971.

Kramatorsk

a city in Ukraine: a major industrial centre of the Donets Basin. Pop.: 177 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Ukrainians said they stopped the UN from visiting SBU premises in Mariupol and Kramatorsk, because "a Russian citizen" was among their mission.
They could not rent a house, because Kramatorsk is an eastern city and people had said to them, "You're from the eastern part (of the country) - you support the Russians.
At least 19 soldiers died and 78 were wounded, military spokesman Vladyslav Seleznyov told journalists in Kiev, including five troops in a rocket attack on the east Ukrainian hub of Kramatorsk.
Rockets crashed into Kramatorsk, some 50 km (30 miles) north of the front, hitting the main headquarters of the Ukrainian military campaign in the east, as well as nearby residential areas.
Situations continue to be grave in Slovyansk, Mariupol, Kramatorsk and Svyatohirsk.
Ello sin hablar de la destruccion de las fabricas en las zonas de Slaviansk y Kramatorsk.
Pleading for Russian military intervention on July 3, five days before his paramilitary forces abandoned Sloviansk, Kramatorsk and other rebel strongholds in the north of the province, Strelkov warned Moscow that his troops were "losing the will to fight.
Earlier, self-defense fighters retreated from the embattled towns of Slavyansk, Kramatorsk, Artyomovsk and Druzhkova in the North of the Donetsk region after Ukrainian troops resorted to "carpet bombings", killing and wounding scores of civilians and destroying homes and major life-support facilities and infrastructure.
Militants from Slovyansk and Kramatorsk have arrived in Donetsk,'' said Maxim Rovinsky, a city council spokesman.
Quatre personnes ont ete tuees lors d'un tir sur un minibus dans la ville de Kramatorsk dans l'est du pays.
Two reporters of Russian website Life News were reportedly arrested by Ukrainian troops near the city of Kramatorsk, prompting a furious reaction from Moscow and demands they be immediately released.