Kramer, Theodor

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kramer, Theodor


Born Jan. 1, 1897, in Niederhollabrunn, Lower Austria; died Apr. 3, 1958, in Vienna. Austrian poet. Participant in World War I.

After the annexation of Austria by fascist Germany, Kramer went into hiding; he lived in England between 1939 and 1957. While he sympathetically portrayed the lives of poor people, his lyric verse was imbued with life-affirming spirit—for example, the collections The Lower Depths (1928) and The Calendar (1930). His antiwar work, We Lay in a Swamp in Volynia (1931), recreated the horrors of life during the war. His books Exiled From Austria (1943) and Vienna 1938: The Green Cadres (1946) expressed his indignation at fascism. Kramer’s later lyrics dealt chiefly with the theme of loneliness.


Einer bezeut es. Selected and edited by E. Chwojka. Graz-Vienna, 1960.


Tschulik, W. Die osterreichische Dichtung im Rahmen der Weltliteratur, 3rd ed. Vienna, 1955.
Schmied, W. “Theodor Kramer.” Wort in der Zeit, 1958, no. 5, pp. 54–55.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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