Krapina


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Krapina

 

a Lower Paleolithic cave shelter in northern Croatia (Yugoslavia) between the Drava and Sava rivers in the Krapinica Valley.

The cave was discovered and investigated (1899–1905) by the Croatian scholar D. Gorjanović-Kramberger. Some 500 fragments of bones of Neanderthal man (more than 20 individuals) have been found. Researchers have also found Mousterian-type stone tools (crude flakes with randomly worked edges and small bifacial picks), the remains of a hearth, and bones of the cave bear, rhinoceros, and primitive bull. The human bones were split and charred, which some archaeologists interpret as evidences of cannibalism.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Gorjanović-Kramberger, D. Der diluviale Mensch von Krapina in Kroatien. Budapest, 1906.
Gorjanovic-Kramberger, D. Zivot i kultura diluvijalnoga čovjeka iz Krapine u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: OPPOSITE: statues of a Neanderthal group at the Krapina Neanderthal Site, Croatia.
Tenders Are Invited for Construction of the iith phase of master plan of the traffic system of the city of zagreb, Zagreb county and krapina zagorje county.
So far, there have been three sites in which the Neanderthals are known to have used the bones of a fellow Neanderthal to shape stone tools: a femur fragment in the case of Krapina in Croatia and Les Pradelles, and a skull fragment at La Quina in France.
The eagle claws came from a rock-shelter in Croatia called Krapina where Neandertal remains have also been unearthed.
The cancerous rib, recovered from Krapina in present-day Croatia is an incomplete specimen, and thus the researchers were unable to comment on the overall health effects the tumor may have had on this individual.
The rib was part of a collection of bones, which were excavated more than 100 years ago from a site in Krapina, Croatia.
Some examples of exhibitions are known, like the permanent exhibition in the Krapina Neanderthal Museum, Croatia and design exhibition of Patrick Jouin in Pompidou Centre in Paris (Guillaume, 2010).
En estas practicas destaca el yacimiento de Krapina, tradicionalmente utilizado como ejemplo de tal conducta, debido a la gran cantidad de huesos con estas caracteristicas.
En este ultimo caso mencionemos los restos oseos de Krapina (Esovenia), con marcas de descarnacion, y se han interpretado como actividades de canibalismo ritual.