Krapina


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Krapina

 

a Lower Paleolithic cave shelter in northern Croatia (Yugoslavia) between the Drava and Sava rivers in the Krapinica Valley.

The cave was discovered and investigated (1899–1905) by the Croatian scholar D. Gorjanović-Kramberger. Some 500 fragments of bones of Neanderthal man (more than 20 individuals) have been found. Researchers have also found Mousterian-type stone tools (crude flakes with randomly worked edges and small bifacial picks), the remains of a hearth, and bones of the cave bear, rhinoceros, and primitive bull. The human bones were split and charred, which some archaeologists interpret as evidences of cannibalism.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Gorjanović-Kramberger, D. Der diluviale Mensch von Krapina in Kroatien. Budapest, 1906.
Gorjanovic-Kramberger, D. Zivot i kultura diluvijalnoga čovjeka iz Krapine u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
The eagle claws came from a rock-shelter in Croatia called Krapina where Neandertal remains have also been unearthed.
The cancerous rib, recovered from Krapina in present-day Croatia is an incomplete specimen, and thus the researchers were unable to comment on the overall health effects the tumor may have had on this individual.
The rib was part of a collection of bones, which were excavated more than 100 years ago from a site in Krapina, Croatia.
Some examples of exhibitions are known, like the permanent exhibition in the Krapina Neanderthal Museum, Croatia and design exhibition of Patrick Jouin in Pompidou Centre in Paris (Guillaume, 2010).
In the context of the transaction, Sunce and MIG will participate (90%) in the realisation of the health-tourism project Stubicke Toplice, based on the model of Public to Private Partnership with the County of Krapina and Zagorje, won by the company through a competitive tender in late 2007.
Washington, April 4 (ANI): A new study has suggested that Neanderthal remains from the site of Krapina in northern Croatia do not exhibit evidence of cannibalism, as was earlier believed.
Orscheidt's characteristically meticulous analysis of the Krapina (Croatia) Neanderthal remains reveals how bone fragmentation was due to natural causes and the rarity and unsystematic location of cut marks, casting doubt on interpretations of cannibalism.
After excavating a cache of Neandertal fossils about l00 years ago at Krapina Cave in what's now Croatia, researchers concluded that incisions on the ancient individuals' bones showed that they had been butchered and presumably eaten by their comrades.
Moreover, several Neandertals who inhabited Croatia's Krapina Cave around 130,000 years ago sustained skull fractures that would have knocked them unconscious and required life-saving aid from others for at least a few days, says Janet Monge of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
The Krapina Neandertals: A Comprehensive, Centennial, Illustrated Bibliography.