Krapina


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krapina

 

a Lower Paleolithic cave shelter in northern Croatia (Yugoslavia) between the Drava and Sava rivers in the Krapinica Valley.

The cave was discovered and investigated (1899–1905) by the Croatian scholar D. Gorjanović-Kramberger. Some 500 fragments of bones of Neanderthal man (more than 20 individuals) have been found. Researchers have also found Mousterian-type stone tools (crude flakes with randomly worked edges and small bifacial picks), the remains of a hearth, and bones of the cave bear, rhinoceros, and primitive bull. The human bones were split and charred, which some archaeologists interpret as evidences of cannibalism.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Gorjanović-Kramberger, D. Der diluviale Mensch von Krapina in Kroatien. Budapest, 1906.
Gorjanovic-Kramberger, D. Zivot i kultura diluvijalnoga čovjeka iz Krapine u Hrvatskoj. Zagreb, 1913.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caspari's contention was supported by a reexamination offossil bones from Krapina conducted by Erik Trinkaus of the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque.
"Some kind of mortuary practice that had symbolic significance was going on at Krapina," Cook suggests.
Moreover, several Neandertals who inhabited Croatia's Krapina Cave around 130,000 years ago sustained skull fractures that would have knocked them unconscious and required life-saving aid from others for at least a few days, says Janet Monge of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Caption: OPPOSITE: statues of a Neanderthal group at the Krapina Neanderthal Site, Croatia.
U svojim pocetnim desetljecima festivali su prema njoj imali dvojak odnos: Melodije Jadrana su je tolerirale, odnosno nisu imale programski osvijesten odnos prema tom aspektu, jer nisu sebe izvorno vidjele kao instituciju s nacionalnom ili regionalnom kulturnom i jezicnom misijom, a MIK i Krapina programski su odbacivale sve sto nije bilo dijalektoloski i kulturnopovijesno ovjereno, jer su se vidjeli kao institucije kojima je zadatak cuvati i autohtoni jezicni izraz svojih regija, krapinski festival i kao rijetko mjesto na kojemu se, posebno nakon sloma Hrvatskog proljeca, moze iskazivati nacionalni identitet i aktivirati domovinska simbolika<< (str.