Krasnoyarsk Territory

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Krasnoyarsk Territory,

administrative division (1989 pop. 3,595,000), c.928,000 sq mi (2,403,520 sq km), central Siberian Russia, extending from the Sayan Mts. and the Minusinsk basin in the south across the Siberian wooded steppe, taiga, and tundra to the Arctic Ocean. The territory stretches along the entire course of the Yenisei, comprising parts of the West Siberian lowland on the left bank and the central Siberian Plateau on the right bank. The territory includes Krasnoyarsk proper and the Khakass RepublicKhakass Republic
or Khakassia
, constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 573,000) 23,900 sq mi (61,900 sq km), S central Siberian Russia, in Krasnoyarsk Territory. Abakan (the capital) and Chernogorsk (a coal-mining center) are the major cities.
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 (in the southwest). The former Evenki Autonomous AreaEvenki Autonomous Area
, former administrative division (1992 pop. 25,100), 287,645 sq mi (745,000 sq km), N central Siberian Russia, in the Central Siberian Uplands. It became a national area in 1930 and an autonomous area in 1977, but was merged into Krasnoyarsk Territory, of
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 (in the E central section) and the former Taymyr Autonomous Area (N of the Arctic Circle; see under Taymyr PeninsulaTaymyr Peninsula
or Taimyr Peninsula
, northernmost projection of Siberia, N Krasnoyarsk Territory, N central Siberian Russia, between the estuaries of the Yenisei and Khatanga rivers and extending into the Arctic Ocean.
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) were merged with Krasnoyarsk Territory in Jan., 2007.

The Yenisei and its tributaries are important transportation routes and electric power sources. Surplus amounts of hydroelectric power are generated. The Trans-Siberian RR crosses the southern section of the territory. There are deposits of brown coal, graphite, iron ore, manganese, gold, copper, nickel, aluminum, palladium, uranium, and mica. In the north is an extensive lumber industry. Grain is grown, cattle and reindeer are raised, and fur trapping is carried on. Krasnoyarsk, the capital, and Kansk, Achinsk, Norilsk, Minusinsk, and Igarka are the chief cities. The southern part of the territory contains 90% of the population, which includes Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Khakass, Tatars, Evenki, Yakuts, and Nenets. The territory was organized in 1934. During Stalin's rule and after, the area was the site of labor camps.

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References in periodicals archive ?
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Petersburg, Moscow Oblast, Khanty-Mansiysk AO, Samara Oblast, Belgorod Oblast, Chuvashia Republic, Komi Republic, Krasnodar Krai, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast, Omsk Oblast, Vologda Oblast, Mordovia Republic, Krasnodar City, Omsk City and Volgograd City.
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