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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Greek philosopher of the late fifth century B.C. Cratylus was a student of Heraclitus and drew extreme relativist conclusions from his master's teachings on the universal flux of things. In particular, he denied that phenomena have any qualitative fixity; hence, either one can say nothing about ongoing phenomena or one can say anything at all. Heraclitus taught that one cannot step into the same river twice; Cratylus, that one cannot step into it even once. He believed that one can only point things out, not make assertions about them.


Fragments in Russian translation:
In A. Makovel'skii, Dosokratiki, part 3. Kazan, 1919. Pages 188–89.


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1 [Moscow] 1940. (See subject index.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Zu Platons Dialog Kratylos. Internationales Jahrbuch fur Hermeneutik I: 39-63.
Zu loben ist schliesslich auch das fundierte Vorwort von Jean-Claude Margolin, das auf die seit langem gefuhrte Debatte uber die Frage, ob Tyards Alterswerk in der Nachfolge von Platons Kratylos anzusiedeln sei oder nicht, eine differenzierte Antwort erteilt.
This is a discussion that goes back to Plato's dialog Kratylos. Chapman discusses Saussure's theory of signs and concludes: "language for Saussure, then, is a mental structure.
As Vittorio Hosle demonstrated in a brilliant essay published some fifteen years ago, in his Kratylos Plato dedicated a commentary remarkable in all respects to the results of the geometridans working at the Academy or gravitating round it.
Wojciech Skalmowski and Alois van Tongerloo (Leuven: Peeters, 1993), in Kratylos 41 (1996 [publ.
Della Casa (Salesianum 48 [1986]: 399-400), Rudiger Schmitt (Kratylos 31 [1986]: 189-90), and Franco Crevatin (Indo-Iranian Journal 31 [1988]: 142-44).
Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1989), but without a discussion of the chronology of the "dialect influences" (for my view on some of these matters, see my review of Hoffman's and Narten's book in Kratylos 36 [1991]: 108).