Krause, Karl Christian Friedrich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krause, Karl Christian Friedrich

 

Born May 6, 1781, in Eisenberg, Thuringia; died Sept. 27, 1832, in Munich. German philosopher.

Krause studied at the University of Jena under J. G. Fichte and F. W. Schelling from 1797 to 1802. He was an assistant professor at the Universities of Jena (1802–05), Berlin (from 1814), and Gottingen (from 1824). Krause attempted to combine theism and pantheism into a system he called panentheism. According to this system, the world lies within god, who, however, does not merge with the world but is the primordial essence of all that exists. The world is god’s creation and the means by which he manifests himself. Krause’s doctrine of law based on morality and his appeal for a worldwide union of peoples also became famous. A school of Krausists arose in Spain and Latin America, whose foremost representatives were the Spanish philosophers Sanz del Rio and Giner de los Ríos.

WORKS

System der Sittenlehre, vol. 1. Leipzig, 1810.
Vorlesungen über das System der Philosophie. Göttingen, 1828.
Abriss des Systems der Philosophic des Rechtes oder Naturrechtes. Göttingen, 1828.
Das Urbild der Menschheit, 3rd ed. Leipzig, 1903.

REFERENCES

Istoriia filosofii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959. Pages 560–61.
Leonhardi, H. von. K. Ch. F. Krause’s Leben und Lehre. Leipzig, 1902.
Morillas, J. L. El Krausismo español. Mexico City, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.