Kriukov, Aleksandr Nikolaevich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kriukov, Aleksandr Nikolaevich


Born Aug. 19 (31), 1878, in Moscow; died Dec. 19, 1952, in Moscow. Soviet therapeutist; academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1948), Honored Scientist of the Uzbek SSR (1949).

Kriukov graduated from the department of medicine of Moscow University in 1901 and became a professor there in 1917. In 1920 he became a professor at Middle Asian University (Tashkent) and the Tashkent Medical Institute, in the organization of which he took an active part. In 1930 he became director of the Emergency Clinic of the N. V. Sklifosovskii Institute. He was one of the founders of modern hematology; he created a moderately unitary theory of hemopoiesis and elucidated the role of avitaminosis in the development of pernicious anemia. Kriukov laid the foundations for the study of regional tropical pathology in Middle Asia. He was the first in the USSR (1923) to describe sprue and to prove the presence of brucellosis in the country.


Morfologiia krovi… , issues 1–3. [Moscow] 1920.
Atlas krovi. Moscow, 1946.
Klinicheskaia simptomatologiia ostrykh vnutrennikh zabolevanii, 3rd ed. [Moscow] 1952.


“Nekrolog. [Professor Aleksandr Nikolaevich Kriukov].” Klinicheskaia meditsina, 1953, vol. 31, no. 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.