Krokodil


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krokodil

 

(Crocodile), a Soviet satirical magazine. From 1922 it was published in Moscow as a weekly supplement to Rabochaia gazeta (The Workers’ Paper). Since 1932 it has been published three times a month by Pravda Publishing House.

Krokodil’s founder and first editor was the party journalist and satiric writer K. S. Eremeev. The magazine attracted such men as D. Bednyi, V. Mayakovsky, V. Kataev, M. Kol’tsov, I. Il’f, E. Petrov, and many other prominent Soviet writers, as well as the artists D. Moor, V. Deni, K. Rotov, B. Efimov, and lu. Ganf. Armed with satire and humor, Krokodil wages a struggle against what is unfavorable and alien to Soviet life and exposes bourgeois ideology and imperialistic reactionism.

Krokodil played a large part in establishing the principles of Soviet satire and in the formation of multinational Soviet satirical magazines. Its tasks were formulated in the decrees of the Central Committee of the ACP (B) On the Magazine Krokodil (1948) and On the Shortcomings of the Magazine Krokodil and the Steps Needed to Eliminate Them (1951). The magazine’s circulation in 1973 numbered 5.5 million copies. The magazine was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1972.

REFERENCES

Stykalin, S., and I. Kremenskaia. Sovetskaia satiricheskaiapechat’: 1917–1963. Moscow, 1963. Pages 176–212.
Skorokhodov, G. A. “Satiricheskaia zhurnalistika.” In Ocherki istorii russkoi sovetskoi zhurnalistiki: 1933–1945. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
GET a few household products - such as gasoline and paint thinner - cook them up and, in less than an hour, you get moonshine heroin: krokodil.
Prvu cine sisavci (dabar, deva, jelen, jeP, kuna, lav, lisica, majmun, medvjed, miU, ris, slon, Utakor, tigar, tvor, vuk zec i Pirafa), drugu ptice (cavka, gavran, orao, sokol, sova, svraka i vrana), a trecu gmazovi (guUter, krokodil i zmija).
Sanya Kantarovsky mined this double vulnerability in his gut-wrenching solo presentation "Letdown." The New York-based painter has developed a signature style that recuperates the visual vocabulary of Soviet satire as a formal device, endowing his figures with the laconic features and Plasticine anatomies one might have encountered in the pages of Moscow's satirical magazine Krokodil. For "Letdown," Kantarovsky built on this bittersweet nostalgic tone by staging a selection of recent paintings in an environment that revisited aspects of his own childhood in the Soviet Union.
In der Bar zum Krokodil: Lieder und Songs als Gedichte.
Der Gesang an das Krokodil. Die Rituellen Gesdnge des Dorfes Kandingei an Land und Meer, Pflanzen und Tiere (Mittelsepik, Papua New Guinea).
Zuma's incoherent television appearance was an old jackal meeting an old krokodil. Each filled with a sense of victimhood, denying any wrongdoing, both responsible for destroying the economy, the social fabric, and any number of lives.
Respecto al abordaje del paciente con consumo de NSP se encontro que menos de un cuarto de los encuestados logran asociar el consumo de desomorfina (Krokodil) con riesgos metabolicos.
Desomorphine, better known by its common name "krokodil", is a substance that is paradigmatic of the household synthesis of drugs with dramatic consequences; on the other hand, both AH-7291 and MT-45 duly represent the dynamics of creation of legal substances that are later supervised, after confirming their potential risks.
Desomorphine is a semisynthetic opioid that is responsible for the psychoactive effects of a dangerous homemade injectable mixture that goes by street name "Krokodil." This substance earned its street name "Krokodil" (crocodile in Russian) from [alpha]-chlorocodide, a codeine derivative used in clandestine synthesis, and the physical discoloration and skin necrosis that resemble crocodile hide after prolonged usage [2].