Kruminš, Jan Martynovlc
Kruminš, Jan Martynovlč
(Party pseudonym, Pilat). Born Sept. 13 (25), 1894, in Skriveri Volost (small rural district), Riga District (now Latvian SSR); died Mar. 15, 1938. Latvian revolutionary. Became a member of the Communist Party in 1912. The son of a peasant.
In 1915, Kruminš was elected to the Central Committee of the Social Democratic Party of the Lettish Krai, and in 1917 he served as vice-chairman of the Executive Committee of the Soviet of Workers’, Soldiers’, and Landless Peasants’ Deputies of Latvia (Iskolat), editor of its press organ Zinotajs (Bulletin), and a member of the military revolutionary committee of the Twelfth Army. A member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia from 1917 to 1931, Kruminš engaged in underground party work in the Baltic region after February 1918, was a member of the Latvian Soviet government in 1919, and from 1921 to 1922 was underground again and was secretary of the Central Committee of the Latvian Communist Party. Living in the USSR from 1929, Kruminš taught at the Communist University, studied at the Institute of the Red Professoriat, graduating in 1932, and became chief of the Lettish section of the Executive Committee of the Communist International in 1932. He was a delegate to the Eighth Congress of the ACP (Bolshevik) and to the third, fourth, and seventh congresses of the Comintern, being elected a candidate member of its Executive Committee at the seventh congress.