Krupskaya, Nadezhda Konstantinovna

Krupskaya, Nadezhda Konstantinovna

(nŭdyĕ`zhdə kənstŭntyē`nəvnə kro͞op`skəyə), 1869–1939, Russian revolutionary and educator, wife of LeninLenin, Vladimir Ilyich
, 1870–1924, Russian revolutionary, the founder of Bolshevism and the major force behind the Revolution of Oct., 1917. Early Life
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. Krupskaya was a Marxist agitator for 25 years before the Russian RevolutionRussian Revolution,
violent upheaval in Russia in 1917 that overthrew the czarist government. Causes

The revolution was the culmination of a long period of repression and unrest.
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 in Oct., 1917; she married Lenin in 1898, while both were serving terms in exile. After her release in 1901, she was active in organizing the Bolsheviks and spreading the movement's propaganda. After the Bolsheviks seized power, she became a member of the People's Commissariat of Education. She helped develop systems of education that offered both academic and professional training and provided education to women and workers. At first an opponent of Stalin, Krupskaya later remained above party politics.

Bibliography

See her Pedagogical Works (11 vol., 1957–63).

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