Kruszewski, Nikolaj Wiaczeslawowicz

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kruszewski, Nikolaj Wiaczeslawowicz

 

Born Dec. 6 (18), 1851, in Lutsk, now in Volyn’ Oblast, Ukrainian SSR; died Oct. 31 (Nov. 12), 1887, in Kazan. Russian-Polish linguist, specialist in general and Indo-European linguistics.

Kruszewski graduated from the University of Warsaw in 1875 and became a professor at the University of Kazan in 1883. He was a student of I. A. Baudouin de Courtenay and a leading representative of what is now known as the Kazan school of linguistics. His work in language universals showed that language was systematic and built upon a system of signs. Kruszewski was a precursor of modern phonology.

WORKS

Nabliudeniia nad nekotorymi foneticheskimi iavleniiami, sviazannymi s aktsentuatsiei. Kazan, 1879.
Lingvisticheskie zametki. Warsaw, 1880.
K voprosu o gune: Issledovanie v oblasti staroslavianskogo vokalizma. Warsaw, 1881.
Ocherk nauki o iazyke. Kazan, 1883.
Wybór pism. Wroclaw-Warsaw-Kraków, 1967.

REFERENCES

Baudouin de Courtenay, I. A. Izbrannye trudy po obshchemu iazykoznaniiu, vol. 1. Moscow, 1963.
Bogoroditskii, V. A. “Kazanskaia lingvisticheskaia shkola.” Trudy MIFLI, 1939, vol. 5.
Berezin, F. M. Ocherki po istorii iazykoznaniia v Rossii (konets XIXnachalo XX vv). Moscow, 1968.
Jakobson, R. “Kazańska szkola polskiej lingwistyki i jej miejsce w swiatowym rozwoju fonologii.”
Bulletin Polskiego Towarzystwa Językoznawczego, 1960, no. 19.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.