Krypteia


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Krypteia

 

in Sparta, ancient Greece, punitive raids conducted periodically by the government against the Helots; the raids were primarily carried out by Spartan youth. Their purpose was to annihilate the most active Helots, thereby keeping the remaining Helots in constant terror. The raids were particularly important in the military education and training of the Spartans. Detachments of young Spartans who served in the capacity of police for a period of two years were also called the krypteia.

REFERENCES

Berger, A. K. Sotsial’nye dvizheniia v drevnei Sparte. Moscow, 1936.
Leanmaire, H. “La cryptic Lacedemonienne.” Revue des etudes greques, 1913, vol. 26, no. 117, pp. 121–50.
References in periodicals archive ?
Individual contributions are focused on the Spartan Krypteia, violence against slaves in classical Greece, war as theater, and a wide variety of other related subjects.
You hunted slaves'--and the full story of Three suddenly came to him, beginning with a depiction of the slave-hunting Krypteia.
Gillen's Krypteia are first shown on the crest of a rocky hill and naked except for red cloaks with golden clasps (1.
Hade's Gambit, Book 1 of the Krypteia Conspiracy, is the epic beginning of the last days, standing tall in the company of such apocalyptic classics as The Stand, by Stephen King, and Swan Song, by Robert McCammon.
Sparta's loathing of her helots was such that she declared war against them at the start of each year, so that the krypteia would not incur pollution when it went about its task.
In other words, did Spartan citizens behave less violently towards one another because the stale provided outlets, both through the krypteia and through its militarism, for violent impulses?
The helots, as state slaves, were regarded as potential enemies, and young Spartans might be recruited each year into the krypteia, or secret police, whose task it was to murder helots who seemed to be getting above themselves.
38) Many of Leonidas' picked 300 Spartiates may have gone through the krypteia, a rite of passage whereby select young men were sent out into the countryside, armed with only a dagger, hid by day, and by night killed as many helots as they could find.
5), the one before that (Dilts, 10) a mish-mash of references to Lykourgos' having been responsible for bringing the Homeric poems to Sparta, reforming the constitution and creating the krypteia (cf.