Krzemionki Opatowskie

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krzemionki Opatowskie

 

the largest flint mines of the Neolithic period in Europe. Located in southern Poland in the valley of the Kamienna River, a left tributary of the Vistula River (Opatów District, Kielce Województwo), they were discovered in 1919. More than 700 mines up to 11 m deep have been unearthed. Axe parts and ancient mining tools have been found. A large Aeneolithic settlement with numerous workshops has been excavated in Cmielów, 9 km from Krzemionki Opatowskie. Axes were made in these workshops from the banded flint mined in Krzemionki Opatowskie, which then made their way into northern Europe. Krzemionki Opatowskie and the Aeneolithic settlement in Cmielów are part of the southern group of remains of the Funnel-Beaker culture.

REFERENCES

Krukowski, S. Krzemionki Opatowskie. Warsaw, 1939.
Podkowinska, Z. “Village énéolithique de Cmielów, district Opatów, voïvodie de Kielce.” Archaeologia Polona, Wroclaw, 1962, vol. 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.