Krzhizhanovskaia-Nevzorova, Zinaida

Krzhizhanovskaia-Nevzorova, Zinaida Pavlovna


Born Aug. 11 (23), 1869, in Nizhny Novgorod; died Apr. 24, 1948, in Moscow. Russian revolutionary. Became a member of the Communist Party in 1898. Wife of G. M. Krzhizhanovskii. The daughter of a teacher.

Krzhizhanovskaia-Nevzorova graduated from the chemistry division of the Advanced Courses for Women in St. Petersburg in 1894. Together with N. K. Krupskaia she taught in an evening and Sunday school and conducted revolutionary propaganda among the workers. In 1895 she joined the St. Petersburg Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. She was persecuted by the authorities. In 1899, in exile, she signed ’The Protest of the Russian Social Democrats,” which was written by V. I. Lenin in answer to the “Credo” of the Economists. An agent for Iskra, she participated in the conference in Samara in January 1902, at which she was elected secretary of the Central Bureau of the Russian organization of Iskra. She was often called on by Lenin to carry out tasks for the party.

Krzhizhanovskaia-Nevzorova participated in the Revolution of 1905–07 in St. Petersburg and contributed to the Bolshevik press. After the February Revolution of 1917 she worked in the Moscow Oblast soviet. In 1918 she became deputy director of the extrascholastic department of the People’s Commissariat for Education of the RSFSR and deputy chairman of the Central Committee for Political Education of the Republic (Glavpolitprosvet); later she worked in the Academy of Communist Up-bringing. She carried on major scholarly-pedagogical and organizational work in a number of institutions of public education. Krzhizhanovskaia-Nevzorova wrote memoirs and articles.