Kshatriya


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Kshatriya

 

(Sanskrit, from kshatra, “dominion,” “rule”), one of the four main varnas, or social estates of ancient India.

The Kshatriya varna originated among Aryan tribes in the pre-Indian period as a result of the separation of military and government functions from productive labor when the primitive society was in the stage of decay. In the ancient Indian states, the Kshatriyas, who constituted the military and tribal aristocracy, assumed the ruling political and economic position; they were the rulers of states, officials, landowners, and professional soldiers. By the middle of the first millennium A.D. membership in the Kshatriya varna had ceased to determine the composition of the ruling class. In the Middle Ages it existed only as a traditional idea; for example, members of the military feudal Rajput caste, who had no hereditary link with the ancient varna, were called Kshatriyas.

REFERENCES

Kane, P. V. History of Dharmasastra, vol. 2, part 1. Poona, 1941. Chapter 2.
Law, B. C. Ancient Mid-Indian Kshatriya Tribes. Calcutta, 1924.
References in periodicals archive ?
43) Of the four castes, three were created from the conquering race at that time: Brahmins (priesthood), Kshatriyas (warriors and nobility), and Vaisyas (herdsmen initially, later included farmers, traders and artisans).
People from all communities--Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Jat Sikhs and the Dalits-worshiped at the temple in the traditional style, took rounds of the holy fire and recited hymns in praise of Lord Shiva.
Even though a tribe can be associated with a special occupational skill, its members may have different trades and livelihoods (Debbarma, 2005; Gautam & Jyoti, 2005; Kshatriya & Basu, 2005).
A minority of upper-caste Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vaishyas have managed to usurp knowledge, trade, land, natural resources, access to health care and justice by using full-force physical and psychological extractive mechanisms: drilling, bulldozing, karma, dharma, blasting, damming, and the sickening displacement of tens of millions of rural people.
The early history of the Jana kingship began around the eighth century is, during the later Vedic age, when the rajas belonging to elite lineages, called rajanyas, within the Kshatriya caste, came to dominate the military-nobility nexus within the Indian context.
Mohamed Irfadh Mohamed Azhar [1], Kabisha Gunasekaran [2], Amudha Kadirvelu [3], Sunil Gurtu [3], Sivalal Sadasivan [3], Bharti Madanlal Kshatriya [3]
Mankapur florecio como un pequeno reino de gobernantes, pertenecientes al clan de los Kshatriya, la casta hindu de los guerreros.
90) assertion that the brahmana (priest) emerged from the mouth of the "Cosmic Man," the kshatriya (warrior) from the shoulders, the vysya (trader) from the thighs, and the shudra (laborer) from the feet.
Just as we have a problem with our corrupt institutions of governance, the kingdom of the Bharatas had a problem with the self-destructive Kshatriya institutions of its time, and it had to wage a civil war at Kurukshetra to cleanse them.
The Rai Kshatriya community is a small indigenous community or tribe, which we found in Khidirpur village of Atgharia Upazila (sub-district) of Pabna district, Bangladesh.
It is not that he did not know these things before, but he has never realised it all; obsessed by his claims and wrongs and by the principles of his life, the struggle for the right, the duty of the Kshatriya to protect justice and the law and fight and beat down injustice and lawless violence, he has neither thought it out deeply nor felt it in his heart and at the core of his life," Sri Aurobindo wrote.
22) A critical tract of the times, which went into multiple editions, described ways to increase the physical strength of Hindus by having akharas (gymnasiums) operating in every area for regular body-building, wrestling, and stick fighting competitions to take place, so that Kshatriya (warrior) dharma could be made popular.