Ku Wen

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ku Wen

 

(“ancient style” or “ancient literature”), archaic Chinese calligraphy that arose in the third century B.C., as well as a series of literary works, written in ancient Chinese (seventh century B.C. to the first century A.D.). The better known include the historical chronicle Tso-chuan by Tso Ch’iu-ming; the philosophical treatises Lun yü, ascribed to Confucius; Meng-tzu by Meng K’o; and the works of Chuang-tzu and Lao-tzu. The term ku wen is also used to describe the style of some later authors who sought to imitate the ancient models, like Han Yü, Liu Tsung-yüan, Li Aou, and Huangfu Ch’i.

REFERENCES

Vasil’ev, V. P. Ocherk istorii kitaiskoi literatury. St. Petersburg, 1880.
Chungkuo wenhsüeh shih, vols. 1–4. Peking, 1959.
Margouliès, G. Le Kou-wen Chinois. Paris, 1926.

M. I. UL’MAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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