Kuang-hsu

Kuang-hsu

or

Kwang-hsü

(gwäng shü), 1871–1908, emperor of China (1875–1908). Although he was not in the direct line of succession, he was appointed to the throne by his aunt, the dowager empress and regent, Tz'u HsiTz'u Hsi,
 Tsu Hsi,
 Tse Hsi,
or Cixi
, 1834–1908, dowager empress of China (1861–1908) and regent (1861–73, 1874–89, 1898–1908).
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. He began his rule in 1889. In 1898, during the "hundred days of reform," he rebelled against her domination and issued many decrees modernizing the political and social structure of China. His aunt thereupon resumed the regency and kept him imprisoned for the remainder of his life while she ruled China in a conservative manner.
References in periodicals archive ?
Disguised as a peasant woman, she fled, taking Kuang-hsu with her, and China was forced to accept humiliating peace terms.
She contrived to continue in power by flagrantly breaking all precedent, adopting her three-year-old nephew as her son and making him the next emperor, as Kuang-Hsu.
Swiftly rallying the support of conservative mandarins, Tzu-Hsi moved reliable army units to Peking to replace Kuang-Hsu's guards and stormed into the Forbidden City in a towering rage, followed hurriedly by her customary procession of attendant eunuchs.