Kuchik Khan

Kuchik Khan

 

(Mirza Kuchik Khan). Born 1880 or 1881 in Rasht; died November 1921. A leader of the jangali movement, reflecting the interests of the Iranian trading bourgeoisie and some landowners. As chairman of the provisional revolutionary government of the Gilan Republic in June and July 1920 and May to September 1921, Kuchik Khan opposed agrarian reforms. On Sept. 29, 1921, he organized a treacherous attack on the leaders of the Iranian Communist Party and its organizations, which helped the Iranian government to crush the national-liberation movement in Gilan. He died in the Talish Mountains.

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On June 12, as the Canadians were arriving in Hamadan, Dunsterville attacked Menzil, held by Jangali led by Mirza Kuchik Khan.
The November 1918 Revolution in Germany and the proclamation of the Munich Soviet Republic, the socialist uprisings in Italy, the Hungarian Revolution of 1919 and the foundation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic all failed, as did the Iranian revolutionaries, who, led by the charismatic guerrilla leader Mirza Kuchik Khan, in 1920 proclaimed the short-lived Persian Socialist Soviet Republic.