Kuchum


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kuchum

 

Died not earlier than 1598. The last actual khan of the Siberian Khanate, a protégé of the Shaybanids.

In 1563, Kuchum overthrew the Siberian princes Ediger and Bekbulat, who had been tributaries of Ivan IV, and then broke the tributary relations with the tsar. He fought against Ermak’s cossack druzhina. He was defeated in 1582 on the Chuvash Cape (now Cape Podchuvash) on the Irtysh River and abandoned his capital, Kashlyk. In 1585, Kuchum destroyed a cossack detachment led by Ermak and continued the fight against the Russian detachments until 1598, when, defeated by the voevoda (military commander) A. Voeikov, he fled to the Nogai Horde, where he was killed.

REFERENCES

Bakhrushin, S. V. “Ocherki po istorii kolonizatsii Sibiri v XVI i XVII vv.” In his book Nauchnye trudy, vol. 3, part 1. Moscow, 1955.
Istoriia Sibiri s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei, vols. 1–2. Leningrad, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the defeat of Kuchum and his descendants, the Oirats (western Mongolians who became known as Kalmyks from the 17th century onward) were Muscovy's main rival along the steppe border.
Further south, in 1582 an army of cossacks commanded by Yermak Timofeyevich (?-1584) crossed the Urals and defeated the forces of Kuchum, the Tartar Khan, thus opening a new and safe route to western Siberia (see vol.
Kivelson should have explained that she uses the spelling "Kuchium" from Remezov rather than the standard "Kuchum." (13) The term pustosh' is not defined ar its first appearance in the legend to figure 2.5 (43) but only later (68), bur such a time-lag is the exception rather than the rule in her use of Russian terms.