13) The Old High German Kudrun
is a legendary story of the same circle as Thidrekssaga.
THE epic of Kudrun
, the written form of which probably dates from the first half of the thirteenth century, survives only in the early sixteenth-century Ambraser Heldenbuch.
10) Ten years later, Smithers resurrected the notion of a cup-of-death topos native to Germanic heroic poetry by noting several fairly consistent analogues in Kudrun
, Wigamur, the Nibelungenlied, and the ninth-century Ludwigslied, which euphemistically relates that King Ludwig, victorious in battle, poured out bitter drink for his foes ('skancta cehanton sinan fianton / bitteres lides', 53-4).
Samples's chapter may be the only one where the organization is questionable: a single chapter on all "heroic" narratives from the Alexanderlied through the Nibelungenlied and Kudrun
is perhaps overburdened.
In the Kudrun
story Hagen starts off like a classical hero 'with the compulsory danger-point shared by Achilles, Siegfried and indeed Superman' (p.