Kufa

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Kufa

(ko͞o`fə), former Mesopotamian city, near the Euphrates River, c.110 mi (177 km) S of Baghdad. Founded in 638, Kufa soon rivaled Basra in size. The Arab governor of Iraq resided there until 702. For a time, Kufa was the seat of the Abbasid caliphate, and Ali, the fourth caliph, was murdered there. Celebrated as a major seat of Arab learning, the city was also a continual source of political and religious unrest. It was repeatedly plundered by the Karmathians in the 10th cent. and lost its importance. Kufa now remains an uninhabited ruin surrounded by desert.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Around the year 761AD, Muhammad Nafs alZakiyah and his brother Ibrahim sailed from Aden to Sind where they consulted with the governor, Umar ibn Hafs Hazarmard before returning to Kufah and Medina.
Around the year 761 AD, Muhammad Nafs al-Zakiyah and his brother Ibrahim sailed from Aden to Sind where they consulted with the governor, Umar ibn Hafs Hazarmard before returning to Kufah and Medina.
815 Kufah Iraq; he was a Polymath, Philosopher, and alchemist.
Toral-Niehoff, "Talking about Arab Origins: The Transmission of the ayyam al-'arab in Kufah, Basrah and Bagdad" (online at www.academia.edu).
His 600-page dissertation, titled "The Early Development of Islamic Fiqh in Kufah with Special Reference to the works of Abu Yusuf and Shaybani," has not been published in book form, but it was one of the first to vigorously contest the reigning orthodoxy of Western academic discourse on Islamic law.
Jurists in Kufah or Basrah, for example, emphasised hadiths even if these were nearly impossible to verify or to apply in real life.
She improved the pilgrim track from Kufah to Makkah and Madinah.
al-Haytham bin 'Adi was born in Kufah and there he was brought up.
When the Qarmatians attacked Kufah in 924 he left with the raiders and lived in the desert with them, learning their dialect of Arabic which, according to the prevailing view of the time, was supposedly closer to classical Arabic.
His second son, Hussain, traveled from Medina to Kufah with his army to take his place as the next rightful caliph but was slaughtered in Karbala along with his followers.
The Khurasan Gate to the northeast led to Persia, Central Asia and the Silk Roads while the Kufah Gate, with access to the southwest, led to Medina and Mecca.
In his book al-A'dhkya' (The Bright Ones) al-Jawzi tells the story of a brave and strong man called al-A'drra' in the city of Kufah. al-A'drra' heard once that there was a ghoul near one of the remains on the outskirts of the city and decided to investigate the matter because he believed that 'the devil and the ghoul were only illusions'.