Kuhestan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kuhestan

 

(Kuhistan), a natural region in Iran between the deserts Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut.

Kuhestan consists of several mountain ranges, for the most part oriented from north to south or from north-northwest to the south-southeast. They are divided by broad depressions. The highest ranges reach 1,500–2,000 m, and several peaks exceed 2,500 m (Mount Murqum, 2,845 m). The flat intermontane depressions are often the site of solonchaks (elevation, 800–1,200 m). The climate is harshly continental and desert. Summers are hot and dry; winters are cool. Annual precipitation is less than 200 mm. Rivers are filled with water only after rains; vegetation is rare. Landscapes are mostly rocky, sandy, and solonchak deserts. Pasturable livestock are raised in the region. There are small oases in the foothills.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.