Kuki-Chin


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Kuki-Chin

 

a group of related peoples and tribes living in northeastern India (Assam), western Burma, and Bangladesh (the Chittagong Hill Tracts). Total population, about 2 million (1970, estimate). They speak Tibeto-Burman languages of the Sino-Tibetan family. Most adhere to animistic religious beliefs; some are Christians and Hindus.

The Kuki-Chin are divided into three main subgroups: Meithei (Manipur), Chin, and Kuki. The Meithei (India) are an independent nationality. The Chin subgroup includes the Chin proper of Burma, as well as the Lushei (Mizo), Thado, Lakher, Peite, Ralte, Sokte, and others who live in India. The Kuki subgroup (India) includes the Tipperah (Tipura) and other small groups of peoples and tribes, such as the Purum, Chiru, Vaiphei, Aimol, Bite, and Khelma. The Khyangi in Bangladesh are also related to them. The chief occupations of the Kuki-Chin are lowland and slash-and-burn farming (rice and corn) and hunting. Weaving and basket-making are also well developed.

REFERENCES

Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Narody Iugo- Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.

IA. V. CHESNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Kuki-Chin languages have several different plural constructions, including inherited #m- and several Kuki-Chin innovations: -nV- added to the person prefix and two different plural elements, #u and #ei, occurring following the verb.
In Moyon (NW Kuki-Chin), which like other Northwest Kuki-Chin languages indexes plural subject with preverbal -n, postverbal e < #ei indexes plural objects (Kongkham 2010: 113-4):
4.4 Summary: Simplification and Complexification in Kuki-Chin
The innovation of complexity in Kuki-Chin certainly cannot have been inspired by contact with any other language, as none of the neighbors of KC have anything of the sort.
Moreover, the Kuki-Chin case suggests that there may be positive tendencies toward complexity which in the history of KC have countered competing tendencies toward decomplexification.
The history of postverbal agreement in Kuki-Chin. Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society 6: 1-17.
Argument indexation (verb agreement) in Kuki-Chin. presented at the 46th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics, Dartmouth College.
Proto-Kuki-Chin: A Reconstructed Ancestor of the Kuki-Chin Languages.