Nagaland

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Nagaland

(nä`gəlănd), state (2001 provisional pop. 1,988,686), 6,365 sq mi (16,485 sq km), NE India. Kohima is the capital; the largest city is Dimapur. It is a wild, forested, and undeveloped region bounded by Myanmar on the east and the Indian states of Manipur on the south, Assam on the northwest, and Arunachal Pradesh on the north. The region is inhabited by Nagas, a Tibeto-Burman tribe, who formerly practiced head-hunting. More than 80% of the population is Christian. The state is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to a bicameral legislature with one elected house and by a governor appointed by the president of India.

Formerly the Naga Hills–Tuensang area in Assam state, Nagaland gained full state status in 1961. During World War II, Kohima was the site in 1944 of a British and Indian victory over the Japanese that, together with the victory at ImphalImphal
, city (1991 pop. 202,839), capital of Manipur state, NE India, in the Manipur River valley, 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea level. Industries include weaving and the manufacture of metalware; the town is an important trade market.
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, thwarted an invasion of India. In the mid-1990s, there were increased attacks by Naga guerrillas who favored extending the state of Nagaland to include Manipur and portions of the two other bordering states, as well as a portion of Myanmar. Talks with the guerrillas began in 1997, but there has continued to be fighting, often between guerrilla factions.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nagaland

 

a state in northeastern India, on the border with Burma. Formed in 1961 by separating from Assam State regions in which most of the population (more than 90 percent) belonged to Naga tribal groups. Area, 16,500 sq km; population, 515,600 (1971). The city of Kohima is the administrative center.

Nagaland is the most sparsely populated state in India. It is located in the Naga Hills (elevations to 3,824 m in the Patkai Range). The climate is of the subequatorial monsoon type. Tropical evergreen and monsoon deciduous forests prevail at elevations below 1,000 m; at higher elevations there are coniferous forests and, on the summits, meadows. Nagaland is an agrarian state. Slash-and-burn farming is widespread. Rice is grown on terraced slopes of narrow intermontane valleys. Timber is cut. Handwoven fabrics are produced.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Nagaland

a state of NE India: formed in 1962 from parts of Assam and the North-East Frontier Agency; inhabited chiefly by Naga tribes; consists of almost inaccessible forested hills and mountains (the Naga Hills); shifting cultivation predominates. Capital: Kohima. Pop.: 1 988 636 (2001). Area: 16 579 sq. km (6401 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005