Quetzalcoatl

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Quetzalcoatl

(kĕt'sälkôät`əl) [Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the ToltecToltec
, ancient civilization of Mexico. The name in Nahuatl means "master builders." The Toltec formed a warrior aristocracy that gained ascendancy in the Valley of Mexico c.A.D. 900 after the fall of Teotihuacán.
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 in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the discovery of corn, the arts, science, and the calendar. It is unclear whether the ruler took his name from the god or as a great ruler was revered and later deified.

Quetzalcoatl, god of civilization, was identified with the planet Venus and with the wind; he represented the forces of good and light pitted against those of evil and darkness, which were championed by TezcatlipocaTezcatlipoca
, ancient deity of the Toltec in Mexico. Identified with the night sky, the moon, and the stars, and associated with the forces of evil and destruction, Tezcatlipoca shared dominion over humanity with Quetzalcoatl, the god of light and good.
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. According to one epic legend, Quetzalcoatl, deceived by Tezcatlipoca, was driven from Tula, the Toltec capital, and wandered for many years until he reached his homeland, the east coast of Mexico—where he was consumed by divine fire, his ashes turning into birds and his heart becoming the morning star. Another version has him sailing off to a mythical land, leaving behind the promise of his return. Adopting the name, the AztecAztec
, Indian people dominating central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest. Their language belonged to the Nahuatlan subfamily of Uto-Aztecan languages. They arrived in the Valley of Mexico from the north toward the end of the 12th cent.
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 linked it with the worship of the war god Huitzilopotchtli and applied it to some of their ranking priests. MontezumaMontezuma
or Moctezuma
, 1480?–1520, Aztec emperor (c.1502–1520). He is sometimes called Montezuma II to distinguish him from Montezuma I (ruled 1440–69), who carried on conquests around Tenochtitlán.
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 viewed the Spanish invaders as the returning hosts of Quetzalcoatl. There is a great pyramid in honor of the deity at CholulaCholula
or Cholula de Rivadabia
, city (1990 pop. 53,673), Puebla state, E central Mexico. The site of the famous Teocali de Cholula, a pre-Columbian pyramid of great antiquity, the city was an old Toltec center and, when the Spanish came, was an Aztec sacred
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, and the sky-serpent motif in the mosaics at Mitla probably represents Quetzalcoatl. The famous Temple of Quetzalcoatl at TeotihuacánTeotihuacán
, ancient commercial and religious center in the central valley of Mexico, c.30 mi (48 km) NE of Mexico City. Once thought to be the great religious center of the Toltec, it is now held to be the relic of an earlier civilization.
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 is now regarded by some authorities as having been consecrated to a different god.

The figure who gave rise to the legendary Quetzalcoatl may have been an ancestor of his Maya counterpart, Kulkulcán. The Toltec of Tula moved southward, settled in SW Campeche, and in the 10th cent. under the leadership of Kulkulcán, a historical figure, occupied Chichén ItzáChichén Itzá
, city of the ancient Maya, central Yucatán, Mexico. It was founded around two large cenotes, or natural wells. According to one system of dating, it was founded c.
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. Although probably assimilated into the MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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 culture by this time, the invaders still employed Mexican architectural motifs (especially the feathered serpent) extensively. After the death of Kulkulcán he became the patron deity of Chichén Itzá, and most of the temples were dedicated to him. The symbol for both Quetzalcoatl and Kulkulcán, the serpent with quetzalquetzal
or quezal
, common name for a magnificent bird of the family Trogonidae (trogon family), found in the rain forests from S Mexico to Costa Rica at altitudes of up to 9,000 ft (2,745 m).
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 feathers, has an obvious connection with serpent worship.

Bibliography

See L. Séjourné, Burning Water (tr. 1957).

Quetzalcoatl

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Quetzalcoatl, asteroid 1,915 (the 1,915th asteroid to be discovered, on March 9, 1953), is approximately .4 kilometer in diameter and has an orbital period of 4 years. Quetzalcoatl was named after a god who was simultaneously a creator and a millennialist figure in Aztec mythology and for whom Cortez was mistaken. J. Lee Lehman views this asteroid as a blend of Mars and Sun characteristics, a “Hero-God: more active than the Sun, more creative than Mars.”

Sources:

Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids: Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Ellis Horwood Limited, 1988.
Lehman, J. Lee. The Ultimate Asteroid Book. West Chester, PA: Whitford Press, 1988.
Schwartz, Jacob. Asteroid Name Encyclopedia. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1995.

Quetzalcoatl

god of the Toltecs. [Toltec Religion: NCE, 2258]
See: God
References in periodicals archive ?
Entre los mayas, Kukulkan, quien es quizas el Quetzalcoatl de Tula, recibia un culto falico, y algunos atlantes de Chichen Itza, que sostienen el cielo (como lo hace Ehecatl en el Codice vindobonensis), muestran sus organos sexuales (W.
The Mayans were pioneers in astrology and each of the four sides of the Kukulkan temple has 91 steps - one step for each day of the year - with the top platform making the 365th.
The chief sights are the glorious 100ft high step pyramid Temple of Kukulkan, the feathered serpent, and the vast ball court where a particularly brutal game was played.
Santiago Bolio reconstruyo parte de la piramide de Kukulkan, pero no tomo en cuenta el dibujo de Landa y en 1927 hubo que rehacer la escalinata.
The art celebrates three legendary icons from ancient Mayan culture--Hurakan (Hurricane), Kukulkan (Serpent) and Balam (Jaguar).
Moments earlier, indigenous dancers wearing white linen, bright feathers and beads shook maracas and the seed pod of the flame tree to the beat of drums at the foot of the Temple of serpent god Kukulkan, a focal point of Friday's celebrations.
Quetzalcoatl / kukulkan, serpiente con plumas adorada en Mesoamerica y el area maya
La vision que se formaron los frailes sobre la historia indigena, se ajusto a sus patrones culturales pues privilegiaron el regreso de Kukulkan, y por eso no pudieron entender el significado que estos grupos le daban a su historia, dejando a un lado la relacion que existia entre la concepcion ciclica del tiempo y la organizacion politica de los itzaes.
Chichen Itza's Temple of Kukulkan, the feathered serpent god of the Yucatec Maya, as rendered by Frederick Catherwood (1799-1854).
Para estimar las distancias entre las zonas habitacionales y los lugares de trabajo, se calcularon los trayectos lineales entre los centroides de cada AGEB al punto de acceso a la principal zona de empleo formal y de mejor calidad en la ciudad, que se situa al final del Boulevard Kukulkan en la zona turistica (Ver Figura).
Don't be surprised when in Cancun -- home to the famous Kukulkan pyramid and sunny beaches -- you get offered a ' Manmohan Singh' price
La piramide de Kukulkan, en Chichen Itza, tiene 91 escalones (ver Fig.