Kukuzel, Ioann

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kukuzel, Ioann


(Greek, loannes Kukuzeles). Born circa 1280 in Durres, now in Albania; died circa 1360. Bulgarian chorister, composer, and music theorist.

Kukuzel studied in the imperial choir school in Constantinople and was a court singer (he was called angel-voice). He lived in St. Athanasius Monastery on Mount Athon. loann Kukuzel reformed Byzantine church singing by developing its melodic patterns and improving its musical notation (”Kukuzelian neumes”). He composed church music based on Bulgarian national melodies (Panikadilo Bolgarki) his vocal works are monophonic, structurally complex, and distinguished by a wealth of ornamentation. He is the author of a theoretical treatise.


Dukhovni muzikalni tvorobi na sv. loan Kukuzel. Sofia, 1938.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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