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see ChełmnoChełmno
, Ger. Kulm, city (1993 est. pop. 21,600), Kujawsko-Pomorskie prov., N central Poland. Its industries manufacture iron goods and beer. It was founded by Teutonic Knights in 1231, passed to Poland in 1466, and was included in Prussia in 1772.
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, Poland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



now Chlumec, a settlement in Bohemia, on the Dresden-Teplice-Prague highway.

On Aug. 17-18 (29-30), 1813, a battle was fought near Kulm between the allied Bohemian Army (Russian, Prussian, and Austrian troops) and the French corps of General D. Vandamme (37,000 men). After the defeat at the battle of Dresden in 1813, the allied troops retreated southward through the Erzgebirge, covered from the east by the Russian detachment of General A. I. Osterman-Tolstoi (17,500 men). Vandamme’s corps, which was on the offensive toward Teplice into the allies’ rear, attacked Osterman-Tolstoi’s detachment near Kulm on August 17 (29). (After Osterman-Tolstoi was seriously wounded, General A. P. Ermolov commanded the detachment.)

Putting up a stubborn defense, the Russian detachment stopped the enemy, who threatened to trap the retreating allied army in a mountain gorge. On August 18 (30) part of the allied army’s main forces, commanded by General M. B. Barclay de Tolly, was moved up to Kulm (bringing the total allied strength to 44,000 men), while the Prussian corps of General F. Kleist (up to 35,000 men) was sent toward Vandamme’s rear. The engagement of August 18 (30) ended in a rout of Vandamme’s corps, with the death of 5,000 men and the capture of 12,000 men, including Vandamme himself. The allies lost about 10,000 men. After the battle of Kulm, Napoleon’s army began a retreat to-ward Leipzig.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
They visit the Kulm Hotel, which was the first to be built in the glamorous resort of St Moritz, the place where winter tourism started, as part of a bet 150 years ago.
Giles Coren (right) and Monica Galetti show us around a hotel that has everything you could wish for - the Kulm Hotel in St Moritz, Switzerland.
Volumes of researches are conducted around the globe in recognition with the significance of this issue (Dalim and Yusof, 2013; Kulm, Roseman, and Treistm, 1999; Mahmood, 2010, 2011; McCluskey, 2006; Rehman, 2004) but as Nicholls (2003) rightly argued that methods for textbook research are under-consideration and in need of further research.
A ride on the world's steepest cogwheel railway on the mount Pilatus, scaling from Alpnachstad to the Pilatus Kulm, is truly thrilling allowing you to feast your eyes on dales, woodlands and mountains.
Adrenaline and passion provide the backdrop for the Austrian brand's tractors, which work in extreme conditions to prepare both the hill and the entire Kulm ski jumping site.
That evening we caught the train from Grindelwald to Interlaken to hop on the funicular up to Harder Kulm for dinner at the Panorama restaurant.
Frances Maniquis, Director of Marketing Communications of Discovery Shores Boracay, received two awards during the awarding ceremony held at the Kulm Hotel in St.
We evaluate our KULM on real-world Sina Weibo dataset by comparing with three baseline algorithms.
The ceremony took place at The Kulm Hotel in St Moritz, Switzerland in early December and the award was presented to the general manager and district director of Hormuz Grand Hotel, Panos Panagis.
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