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(ko͞o`mīrē) or


(gyo͝om`rē), formerly


(lənyēn'äkän`), city (1989 pop. 122,587), in Armenia, near the Turkish border. It has varied light manufactures. The old craft of rug making is practiced. Kumayri is the most important Armenian industrial center after YerevanYerevan
, Rus. Erivan, city (1989 pop. 1,201,539), capital of Armenia, on the Razdan River. A leading industrial, cultural, and scientific center, Yerevan is also a rail junction and carries on a brisk trade in agricultural products.
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. It was founded (1837) as Aleksandropol on the site of the Turkish fortress of Gumri. It was called Leninakan from 1924 to 1990. The city was leveled in a Dec., 1988, earthquake. A Russian military base is there.
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a city in NW Armenia: textile centre. Pop.: 144 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005