kumquat

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kumquat

(kŭm`kwŏt), ornamental shrub of the genus Fortunella of the family Rutaceae (ruerue,
common name for various members of the family Rutaceae, a large group of plants distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions and most abundant in S Africa and Australia. Most species are woody shrubs or small trees; many are evergreen and bear spines.
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 family), closely related to the orange and other citrus fruitscitrus fruits,
widely used edible fruits of plants belonging to Citrus and related genera of the family Rutaceae (orange family). Included are the tangerine, citrange, tangelo, orange, pomelo, grapefruit, lemon, lime, citron, and kumquat.
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. It has evergreen leaves, sweet-scented white flowers, and small, orange-yellow edible fruits which are eaten fresh or in preserves. Three or four types of the kumquat, which is probably native to China, are cultivated as house and hedge plants in the Gulf states and in California. They are much hardier than most oranges. The kumquat is also called kinkan. Kumquats are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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kumquat

kumquat

Basically an orange the size of a grape. Small shrubby trees grow to 15 ft (5m), sometimes with thorns. Standard citrus leaves (dark glossy smooth green basic pointy shape. White citrus flowers. Orange-yellow grape-sized fruit is eaten whole and raw. The rind is sweet and the juicy inside is sour. Incredibly rich sources of health benefiting dietary fiber, minerals, vitamins, flavonoid antioxidants, carotenes, lutein, and pigment anti-oxidants that contribute immensely to our health and wellness. The peel is rich in many essential oils, anti-oxidants, and fiber. Used for collagen synthesis, wound healing; anti-viral, anticancer activity, neuro-degenerative diseases, arthritis, diabetes, removes oxidant free-radicals from the body. Lots of B vitamins for metabolizing carbs, proteins and fats.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kumquat

 

(genus Fortunella), evergreen fruit trees or shrubs of the family Rutaceae. The leaves are small and dark green. The flowers are white, small, single or in clusters, and perfect. The fruit is up to 2 cm in diameter, round or oval, and yellow-orange in color, with a rind that is smooth, very fragrant, sweet, and edible; the pulp is sweet and acid.

Kumquat is quite frost-resistant (surviving short-term frosts up to 12°C). It grows well in the humid subtropics of the USSR and bears fruit on both acid and slightly alkaline soils. It is native to eastern Asia. There are six species in China, Japan, and on the Malay Archipelago and two species in the USSR (both cultivated)—the Nagami, or oval, kumquat (F. margarita) and the Marumi kumquat (F.japónica). The fruit is used for jams and candied peels. Kumquats are grown as ornamentals and are used in plant breeding for developing frost-resistant forms of citrus fruits. They are propagated by grafting on all species of citrus plants and on Poncirus trifoliata. They are cultivated in the same manner as other citrus crops.

REFERENCES

Ekimov, V. P. Subtropicheskoe plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.

A. D. ALEKSANDROV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

kumquat

[′kəm‚kwät]
(botany)
A citrus shrub or tree of the genus Fortunella in the order Sapindales grown for its small, flame- to orange-colored edible fruit having three to five locules filled with an acid pulp, and a sweet, pulpy rind.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

kumquat

, cumquat
1. any of several small Chinese trees of the rutaceous genus Fortunella
2. the small round orange fruit of such a tree, with a sweet rind, used in preserves and confections
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
And of course the kumquats, little pumpkin cubes, the watermelon rind, quinces and aubergine.
Kumquat is called "gam gat sue" in Cantonese which means good luck, and "jijju shu" in Mandarin which is the Chinese word for gold.
Continue to saute for a few moments more, until there is a good bit of charring on the peppers and caramelization on the kumquats.
The six major groups of citrus including Grapefruit, Mandarin, Kumquat, Lemon and Lime, Sweet Oranges and Rootstocks were obtained from orchards of Citrus Research Institute, Sargodha to check the prevalence of CTV in different cultivars of citrus.
Stir in onion and kumquats, tossing gently to coat.
We moved from a neighbour-hood where you can buy a kumquat at 11pm on Christmas Eve, should you really want to, to an area where you can't always find parsley on a Saturday afternoon.
For the compressed kumquats. In saucepan, bring water, sugar,
The guy who headed up the tour guides had an insatiable appetite, eventually expecting far more apples and kumquats than even the governor of Eugene's state was allowed.
Maybe I should think about buying some kumquats. What are kumquats for anyway?
When we visited the pub one chilly winter evening, we were intrigued to discover Beaver's latest creation, Alaskan Spot Prawns with a Barleywine-Green Peppercorn Glaze, served with red potato galette and candied kumquats. Unfortunately, the evening special already had sold out by the time we arrived.
Mandarins and kumquats are symbols of luck, while pummelos offer abundance and prosperity and are often left on doorsteps as a gift of good luck, respect and love.
The dishes included Braised Baby Lamb with Spring Peas and Wilted Lettuce; Butter Poached Shrimp with Smoked Ham Potato Hash and Sauce Bacalao; Wild Mushroom and Morel Flan with Black Truffle Oil and Creme Fraiche, Wild Mushroom Broth; Black Cherry Ice Cream Float; and Calamansi Lime Custard, Chamomile Tea Meringue and Candied Kumquats.