Kunashir

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kunashir

 

(from the Ainu language, meaning black island), a southwestern island in the Greater Kuril Chain in Sakhalin Oblast, RSFSR. It is surrounded by the Nemuro, Ekaterina, Izmena, and Iuzhno-Kuril straits. Area, approximately 1,550 sq km; length, 123 km; width, 4–30 km. A chain of volcanoes stretches along the island; the Tiatia (1,819 m) and Rurui volcanoes in the Dokuchaev Range and the Mendeleev and Golovnin volcanoes southwest of the lowlands of the Iuzhno-Kuril’sk and Sernovodsk isthmuses are active. The island is composed of volcanic and crystalline formations. There are many hot springs. The climate is monsoonal. Mixed and broad-leaved forests, as well as forests of fir and spruce, predominate; in the forests there are lianas and Kuril bamboo underbrush. In the mountains there are birch forests (Betula Ermanni) and thickets of dwarf stone pine. The principal industries on Kunashir Island are fishing and fish processing. A port is located at Iuzhno-Kuril’sk.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the ownership of Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan Islands and the Habomai Islands has been challenged by Japan.
However, Tokyo disputes Russian claims over Iturup, Kunashir and Shikotan islands as well as a number of smaller uninhabited islands called the Habomai Islands in Japan.
Tokyo claims ownership of the four southern Kuril islands, Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and Habomai under the bilateral trade agreement of 1855.
The main issue standing in the way of a treaty is an agreement concerning a group of four islands that both countries claim - Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and Habomai, collectively referred to as the Southern Kurils by Russia and the Northern Territories by Japan.
On Wednesday, Japanese visitors saw the Kunashir fishing industry enterprises plus the region's energy, healthcare, retail and tourist facilities.
The distribution of Prumna Motschulsky, 1859, Zubovskya, and Podisma is localized in a northern part of Japan (central - northern Honshu, Hokkaido and Kunashir Island) and the habitat tends to be highly fragmented especially in mountain districts.
In the process the Soviet Union "liberated" the islands of Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan and the Habomai group.
Russia claims jurisdiction over the entire chain, while Japan claims the largest islands to the south of the chain, Iturup and Kunashir.
The four islands -- Iturup, Kunashir, Shikotan and Habomai -- have been administered by Russia since the end of WWII, but the Japanese government still lays claim to them.
(35) President Medvedev's bold action was perceived in Japan as an unheard of provocation: on the 1 November 2010, Medvedev undertook a three-hour long visit to the island of Kunashir. This was indeed a highly symbolic move as Medvedev was the first Russian head of state ever to set foot on these territories.